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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_______________________________________________________
(Mark One) 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended November 26, 2022
OR
oTRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ________ to ________

Commission File Number: 001-38115
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The Simply Good Foods Company
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
https://cdn.kscope.io/8f97ed56412907579976a73625b401d5-atk-20221126_g1.jpg
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Delaware82-1038121
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1225 17th Street, Suite 1000
Denver, CO 80202
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
(303) 633-2840
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading symbolName of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareSMPLNasdaq
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No ☐
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Date File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No ☐ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company
  Emerging growth company




If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

As of December 30, 2022, there were 99,491,357 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, issued and outstanding.



THE SIMPLY GOOD FOODS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTER ENDED NOVEMBER 26, 2022



INDEX
Page

2


PART I. Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

The Simply Good Foods Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited, dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

November 26, 2022August 27, 2022
Assets
Current assets:
Cash$54,144 $67,494 
Accounts receivable, net
158,883 132,667 
Inventories
124,119 125,479 
Prepaid expenses
5,564 5,027 
Other current assets
14,590 20,934 
Total current assets
357,300 351,601 
Long-term assets:
Property and equipment, net
17,668 18,157 
Intangible assets, net
1,119,347 1,123,258 
Goodwill
543,134 543,134 
Other long-term assets
55,614 58,099 
Total assets
$2,093,063 $2,094,249 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable
$55,249 $62,149 
Accrued interest
257 160 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
25,158 39,675 
Current maturities of long-term debt
250 264 
Total current liabilities
80,914 102,248 
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt, less current maturities
396,994 403,022 
Deferred income taxes
108,894 105,676 
Other long-term liabilities
42,905 44,639 
Total liabilities
629,707 655,585 
See commitments and contingencies (Note 9)
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, none issued
  
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 600,000,000 shares authorized, 101,856,457 and 101,322,834 shares issued at November 26, 2022 and August 27, 2022, respectively1,019 1,013 
Treasury stock, 2,365,100 shares and 1,818,754 shares at cost at November 26, 2022 and August 27, 2022, respectively(78,451)(62,003)
Additional paid-in-capital
1,292,720 1,287,224 
Retained earnings
250,241 214,381 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(2,173)(1,951)
Total stockholders’ equity
1,463,356 1,438,664 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$2,093,063 $2,094,249 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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The Simply Good Foods Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited, dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)

Thirteen Weeks Ended
November 26, 2022November 27, 2021
Net sales$300,878 $281,265 
Cost of goods sold189,886 164,710 
Gross profit110,992 116,555 
Operating expenses:
Selling and marketing28,534 30,527 
General and administrative25,641 23,702 
Depreciation and amortization4,327 4,320 
Total operating expenses58,502 58,549 
Income from operations52,490 58,006 
Other income (expense):
Interest income7 1 
Interest expense(7,055)(6,371)
Loss in fair value change of warrant liability (17,317)
Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions108 (353)
Other income6 9 
Total other expense(6,934)(24,031)
Income before income taxes45,556 33,975 
Income tax expense9,696 12,823 
Net income$35,860 $21,152 
Other comprehensive income:
Foreign currency translation$(222)$(40)
Comprehensive income$35,638 $21,112 
Earnings per share from net income:
Basic$0.36 $0.22 
Diluted$0.36 $0.22 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic99,200,557 95,856,845 
Diluted100,723,036 97,861,573 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
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The Simply Good Foods Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited, dollars in thousands)

Thirteen Weeks Ended
November 26, 2022November 27, 2021
Operating activities
Net income
$35,860 $21,152 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization4,952 4,741 
Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount532 821 
Stock compensation expense3,313 2,605 
Change in fair value change of warrant liability 17,317 
Estimated credit losses(141)15 
Unrealized gain on foreign currency transactions(108)353 
Deferred income taxes3,206 6,687 
Amortization of operating lease right-of-use asset1,660 1,643 
Gain on lease termination (30)
Other571 (27)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Accounts receivable, net(26,288)(13,993)
Inventories638 (15,331)
Prepaid expenses(541) 
Other current assets8,631 (98)
Accounts payable(6,609)(14,220)
Accrued interest97 (60)
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities(14,843)(17,902)
Other assets and liabilities(2,212)(1,002)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
8,718 (7,329)
Investing activities
Purchases of property and equipment(1,151)(2,691)
Issuance of note receivable (1,500)
Investments in intangible and other assets(87)(186)
Net cash used in investing activities
(1,238)(4,377)
Financing activities
Proceeds from option exercises4,563 274 
Tax payments related to issuance of restricted stock units and performance stock units(2,298)(3,188)
Payments on finance lease obligations(78)(78)
Repurchase of common stock(16,448) 
Principal payments of long-term debt(6,500)(25,000)
Net cash used in financing activities
(20,761)(27,992)
Cash and cash equivalents
Net decrease in cash(13,281)(39,698)
Effect of exchange rate on cash(69)(200)
Cash at beginning of period67,494 75,345 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$54,144 $35,447 

5

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Thirteen Weeks Ended
November 26, 2022November 27, 2021
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information
Cash paid for interest
$6,426 $5,731 
Cash paid for taxes
$8 $8,775 
Non-cash investing and financing transactions
Operating lease right-of-use assets exchanged for operating lease liabilities$ $5,551 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

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The Simply Good Foods Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
(Unaudited, dollars in thousands, except share data)

Common StockTreasury StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at August 27, 2022101,322,834 $1,013 1,818,754 $(62,003)$1,287,224 $214,381 $(1,951)$1,438,664 
Net income— — — — — 35,860 — 35,860 
Stock-based compensation— — — — 3,237 — — 3,237 
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — — — — (222)(222)
Repurchase of common stock— — 546,346 (16,448)— — — (16,448)
Shares issued upon vesting of restricted stock units and performance stock units180,342 2 — — (2,300)— — (2,298)
Exercise of options and stock appreciation rights to purchase common stock353,281 4 — — 4,559 — — 4,563 
Balance at November 26, 2022101,856,457 $1,019 2,365,100 $(78,451)$1,292,720 $250,241 $(2,173)$1,463,356 

Common StockTreasury StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalRetained EarningsAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossTotal
SharesAmountSharesAmount
Balance at August 28, 202195,882,908 $959 98,234 $(2,145)$1,085,001 $105,807 $(818)$1,188,804 
Net income— — — — — 21,152 — 21,152 
Stock-based compensation— — — — 2,605 — — 2,605 
Foreign currency translation adjustments— — — — — — (40)(40)
Shares issued upon vesting of restricted stock units and performance stock units227,729 2 — — (3,190)— — (3,188)
Exercise of options to purchase common stock19,804  — — 274 — — 274 
Balance at November 27, 202196,130,441 $961 98,234 $(2,145)$1,084,690 $126,959 $(858)$1,209,607 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

7

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Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, dollars in thousands, except for share and per share data)

1. Nature of Operations and Principles of Consolidation

Description of Business

    The Simply Good Foods Company (“Simply Good Foods” or the “Company”) is a consumer packaged food and beverage company that aims to lead the nutritious snacking movement with trusted brands that offer a variety of convenient, innovative, great-tasting, better-for-you snacks and meal replacements, and other product offerings. The product portfolio the Company develops, markets and sells consists primarily of protein bars, ready-to-drink (“RTD”) shakes, sweet and salty snacks and confectionery products marketed under the Atkins®, Atkins Endulge®, Quest® and Quest HeroTM brand names. Simply Good Foods is poised to expand its wellness platform through innovation and organic growth along with acquisition opportunities in the nutritional snacking space.

    The Company’s nutritious snacking platform consists of brands that specialize in providing products for consumers that follow certain nutritional philosophies and health-and-wellness trends: Atkins® for those following a low-carb lifestyle and Quest® for consumers seeking a variety of protein-rich foods and beverages that also limit sugars and simple carbs. The Company distributes its products in major retail channels, primarily in North America, including grocery, club, and mass merchandise, as well as through e-commerce, convenience, specialty, and other channels. The Company’s portfolio of nutritious snacking brands gives it a strong platform with which to introduce new products, expand distribution, and attract new consumers to its products.

    The common stock of Simply Good Foods is listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “SMPL.”

Unaudited Interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

    The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Simply Good Foods and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. Unless the context otherwise requires, “we,” “us,” “our” and the “Company” refer to Simply Good Foods and its subsidiaries.

    The Company maintains its accounting records on a 52/53-week fiscal year, ending on the last Saturday in August of each year.

    The interim consolidated financial statements and related notes of the Company and its subsidiaries are unaudited. The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). The unaudited interim consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments and disclosures which are, in the Company’s opinion, necessary for a fair presentation of the results of operations, financial position and cash flows for the indicated periods. All such adjustments were of a normal and recurring nature unless otherwise disclosed. The year-end balance sheet data was derived from the audited financial statements and, in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q, certain information and footnote disclosures required by GAAP have been condensed or omitted. The results reported in these unaudited interim consolidated financial statements are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be reported for the entire fiscal year and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended August 27, 2022, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K (“Annual Report”) filed with the SEC on October 21, 2022.

    The ultimate effect the supply chain challenges, cost pressures, current high inflation environment, and the possible economic recession could have on consumer purchasing patterns and on the Company’s business continues to be not fully known. Additionally, management is continuing to monitor the conflict in Ukraine, especially regarding the availability and cost of raw materials that are produced in this region and Europe in general. Management is also monitoring the situation in Eastern Europe for its possible supply chain and consumer consumption effects on the Company’s business.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

    Refer to Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the consolidated financial statements included in the Annual Report for a description of significant accounting policies.

Recently Issued and Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

    In March 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848), Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, which provides optional
8

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guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden in accounting for reference rate reform on financial reporting. The amendments in this ASU are effective for all entities and can be applied to contract modifications due to rate reform and eligible existing and new hedging relationships entered into between March 12, 2020 and December 31, 2022. The amendments of this ASU should be applied on a prospective basis.

    On January 21, 2022, the Company entered into a repricing amendment (the “2022 Repricing Amendment”) to its credit agreement with Barclays Bank PLC and other parties (as amended to date, the “Credit Agreement”), as described in Note 5, Long-Term Debt and Line of Credit. In addition to replacing the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) as the Credit Agreement’s reference rate with the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”), the 2022 Repricing Amendment contemporaneously modified other terms that changed, or had the potential to change, the amount or timing of contractual cash flows as contemplated by the guidance in ASU 2020-04. As such, the contract modifications related to the 2022 Repricing Amendment were outside of the scope of the optional guidance in ASU 2020-04. The Company will continue to monitor the effects of rate reform, if any, on any new or amended contracts through December 31, 2022. The Company does not anticipate the amendments in this ASU will be material to its consolidated financial statements.

    No other new accounting pronouncement issued or effective during the fiscal year had or is expected to have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

3. Revenue Recognition

    Revenue from transactions with external customers for each of the Company’s products would be impracticable to disclose and management does not view its business by product line. The following is a summary of revenue disaggregated by geographic area and brands:

Thirteen Weeks Ended
(In thousands)November 26, 2022November 27, 2021
North America (1)
Atkins$131,745 $133,794 
Quest161,472 138,294 
Total North America293,217 272,088 
International7,661 9,177 
Total net sales$300,878 $281,265 
(1) The North America geographic area consists of net sales substantially related to the United States and there is no individual foreign country to which more than 10% of the Company’s net sales are attributed or that is otherwise deemed individually material.

    Charges related to credit loss on accounts receivables from transactions with external customers were $(0.1) million for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022, and were immaterial for the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021. As of November 26, 2022 and August 27, 2022, the allowances for doubtful accounts related to these accounts receivable were $1.1 million and $1.2 million, respectively. Additionally, as of November 26, 2022, the Company had an expected credit loss reserve of $1.0 million on a $3.0 million note receivable related to the Company’s sale of its SimplyProtein® brand and related assets during its fiscal year 2021.

4. Goodwill and Intangibles

    As of November 26, 2022 and August 27, 2022, Goodwill in the Consolidated Balance Sheets was $543.1 million. There were no impairment charges related to goodwill during the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 or since the inception of the Company.

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    Intangible assets, net in the Consolidated Balance Sheets consists of the following:
November 26, 2022
(In thousands)Useful lifeGross carrying amountAccumulated amortizationNet carrying
amount
Intangible assets with indefinite life:
Brands and trademarksIndefinite life$974,000 $— $974,000 
Intangible assets with finite lives:
Customer relationships15 years174,000 44,603 129,397 
Licensing agreements13 years22,000 9,060 12,940 
Proprietary recipes and formulas7 years7,000 5,381 1,619 
Software and website development costs3-5 years5,863 4,525 1,338 
Intangible assets in progress3-5 years53  53 
$1,182,916 $63,569 $1,119,347 
August 27, 2022
(In thousands)Useful lifeGross carrying amountAccumulated amortizationNet carrying
amount
Intangible assets with indefinite life:
Brands and trademarksIndefinite life$974,000 $— $974,000 
Intangible assets with finite lives:
Customer relationships15 years174,000 41,703 132,297 
Licensing agreements13 years22,000 8,581 13,419 
Proprietary recipes and formulas7 years7,000 5,131 1,869 
Software and website development costs3-5 years5,863 4,190 1,673 
$1,182,863 $59,605 $1,123,258 

    Changes in Intangible assets, net during the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 were primarily related to recurring amortization expense. Amortization expense related to intangible assets was $3.9 million and $4.0 million for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 and November 27, 2021, respectively. There were no impairment charges related to intangible assets during the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 and November 27, 2021.

    Estimated future amortization for each of the next five fiscal years and thereafter is as follows:

(In thousands)Amortization
Remainder of 2023$11,703 
202414,976 
202513,542 
202613,517 
202713,517 
2028 and thereafter78,039 
Total$145,294 

5. Long-Term Debt and Line of Credit

    On July 7, 2017, the Company entered into a credit agreement with Barclays Bank PLC and other parties (as amended to date, the “Credit Agreement”). The Credit Agreement at that time provided for (i) a term facility of $200.0 million (“Term Facility”) with a seven-year maturity and (ii) a revolving credit facility of up to $75.0 million (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) with a five-year maturity. Substantially concurrent with the consummation of the business combination which formed the Company between Conyers Park Acquisition Corp. and NCP-ATK Holdings, Inc. on July 7, 2017, the full $200.0 million of the Term Facility (the “Term Loan”) was drawn.

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    On November 7, 2019, the Company entered into a second amendment (the “Incremental Facility Amendment”) to the Credit Agreement to increase the principal borrowed on the Term Facility by $460.0 million. The Term Facility together with the incremental borrowing make up the Initial Term Loans (as defined in the Incremental Facility Amendment). The Incremental Facility Amendment was executed to partially finance the acquisition of Quest Nutrition, LLC on November 7, 2019. No amounts under the Term Facility were repaid as a result of the execution of the Incremental Facility Amendment.

    Effective as of December 16, 2021, the Company entered into a third amendment (the “Extension Amendment”) to the Credit Agreement. The Extension Amendment provided for an extension of the stated maturity date of the Revolving Commitments and Revolving Loans (each as defined in the Credit Agreement) from July 7, 2022 to the earlier of (i) 91 days prior to the then-effective maturity date of the Initial Term Loans and (ii) December 16, 2026.

    On January 21, 2022, the Company entered into the “2022 Repricing Amendment” to the Credit Agreement. The 2022 Repricing Amendment, among other things, (i) reduced the interest rate per annum applicable to the Initial Term Loans outstanding under the Credit Agreement immediately prior to the effective date of the 2022 Repricing Amendment, (ii) reset the prepayment premium for the existing Initial Term Loans to apply to Repricing Transactions (as defined in the Credit Agreement) that occur within six months after the effective date of the 2022 Repricing Amendment, and (iii) implemented SOFR and related replacement provisions for LIBOR.

    Effective as of the 2022 Repricing Amendment dated January 21, 2022, the interest rate per annum is based on either:
i.A base rate equaling the higher of (a) the “prime rate,” (b) the federal funds effective rate plus 0.50%, or (c) the Adjusted Term SOFR Rate (as defined in the Credit Agreement) applicable for an interest period of one month plus 1.00% plus (x) 2.25% margin for the Term Loan or (y) 2.00% margin for the Revolving Credit Facility; or
ii.SOFR plus a credit spread adjustment equal to 0.10% for one-month SOFR, 0.15% for up to three-month SOFR and 0.25% for up to six-month SOFR, subject to a floor of 0.50%, plus (x) 3.25% margin for the Term Loan or (y) 3.00% margin for the Revolving Credit Facility.

    The Simply Good Foods Company is not a borrower under the Credit Agreement and has not provided a guarantee of the Credit Agreement. Simply Good Foods USA, Inc., is the administrative borrower and certain other subsidiary holding companies are co-borrowers under the Credit Agreement. Each of the Company’s domestic subsidiaries that is not a named borrower under the Credit Agreement has provided a guarantee on a secured basis. As security for the payment or performance of the debt under the Credit Agreement, the borrowers and the guarantors have pledged certain equity interests in their respective subsidiaries and granted the lenders a security interest in substantially all of their domestic assets. All guarantors other than Quest Nutrition, LLC are holding companies with no assets other than their investments in their respective subsidiaries.

    The Credit Agreement contains certain financial and other covenants that limit the Company’s ability to, among other things, incur and/or undertake asset sales and other dispositions, liens, indebtedness, certain acquisitions and investments, consolidations, mergers, reorganizations and other fundamental changes, payment of dividends and other distributions to equity and warrant holders, and prepayments of material subordinated debt, in each case, subject to customary exceptions materially consistent with credit facilities of such type and size. The Revolving Credit Facility has a maximum total net leverage ratio equal to or less than 6.00:1.00 contingent on credit extensions in excess of 30% of the total amount of commitments available under the Revolving Credit Facility. Any failure to comply with the restrictions of the credit facilities may result in an event of default. The Company was in compliance with all financial covenants as of November 26, 2022 and August 27, 2022, respectively.

    Long-term debt consists of the following:
(In thousands)November 26, 2022August 27, 2022
Term Facility (effective rate of 7.7% at November 26, 2022)
$400,000 $406,500 
Finance lease liabilities (effective rate of 5.6% at November 26, 2022)
333 406 
Less: Deferred financing fees3,089 3,620 
Total debt397,244403,286
Less: Current finance lease liabilities250264
Long-term debt, net of deferred financing fees$396,994$403,022

    The Company is not required to make principal payments on the Term Facility over the twelve months following the period ended November 26, 2022. The outstanding balance of the Term Facility is due upon its maturity in July 2024.

    As of November 26, 2022, the Company had letters of credit in the amount of $3.5 million outstanding. These letters of credit offset against the $75.0 million availability of the Revolving Credit Facility and exist to support three of the Company’s leased buildings and insurance programs relating to workers’ compensation. No amounts were drawn against these letters of credit at November 26, 2022.
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    The Company utilizes market approaches to estimate the fair value of certain outstanding borrowings by discounting anticipated future cash flows derived from the contractual terms of the obligations and observable market interest and foreign exchange rates. The Company carries debt at historical cost and discloses fair value. As of November 26, 2022 and August 27, 2022, the book value of the Company’s debt approximated fair value. The estimated fair value of the Term Loan is valued based on observable inputs and classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.

6. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

    Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. To increase the comparability of fair value measurements, a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in the valuation methodologies, is used:

Level 1 – Valuations based on quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in active markets.
Level 2 – Valuations based on observable inputs other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3 – Valuations based on unobservable inputs reflecting the Company’s own assumptions, consistent with reasonably available assumptions made by other market participants. These valuations require significant judgment.

Level 3 Measurements

    During the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021, the Company had outstanding liability-classified Private Warrants that allowed holders to purchase 6,700,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. Such Private Warrants were held by Conyers Park Sponsor, LLC (“Conyers Park”), a related party, and were exercised on a cashless basis on January 7, 2022 resulting in a net issuance of 4,830,761 shares of the Company’s common stock. As a result, there were no outstanding liability-classified Private Warrants as of November 26, 2022 and August 27, 2022. Refer to Note 10, Stockholders’ Equity, for additional details regarding the cashless exercise of the Private Warrants.

    The Company utilized the Black-Scholes model to estimate the fair value of the Private Warrants at each reporting date. The application of the Black-Scholes model utilizes significant assumptions, including volatility. Significant judgment is required in determining the expected volatility, historically the key assumption, of the Private Warrants. In order to determine the most accurate measure of this volatility, the Company measured expected volatility based on several inputs, including considering a peer group of publicly traded companies, the Company’s implied volatility based on traded options, the implied volatility of comparable warrants, and the implied volatility of any outstanding public warrants during the periods they were outstanding. As a result of the unobservable inputs that were used to determine the expected volatility of the Private Warrants, the fair value measurement of these warrants reflected a Level 3 measurement within the fair value measurement hierarchy.

    The periodic remeasurement of the warrant liability has been reflected in Loss in fair value change of warrant liability within the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income. The adjustment for the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021 was a loss of $17.3 million.

7. Income Taxes

    The tax expense and the effective tax rate resulting from operations were as follows:

Thirteen Weeks Ended
(In thousands)November 26, 2022November 27, 2021
Income before income taxes$45,556 $33,975 
Income tax expense$9,696 $12,823 
Effective tax rate21.3 %37.7 %

    The effective tax rate for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 was 16.4% less than the effective tax rate for the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021, which was primarily driven by the non-cash change in the fair value of the warrant liability in the prior fiscal period and other permanent differences.

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8. Leases

    The components of lease expense were as follows:

Thirteen Weeks Ended
(In thousands)Statements of Operations CaptionNovember 26, 2022November 27, 2021
Operating lease cost:
Lease costCost of goods sold and
General and administrative
$2,252 $2,255 
Variable lease cost (1)
Cost of goods sold and
General and administrative
738 653 
Total operating lease cost2,990 2,908 
Finance lease cost:
Amortization of right-of-use assetsCost of goods sold68 68 
Interest on lease liabilitiesInterest expense5 9 
Total finance lease cost73 77 
Total lease cost$3,063 $2,985 
(1) Variable lease cost primarily consists of common area maintenance, such as cleaning and repairs.

    The right-of-use assets and corresponding liabilities related to both operating and finance leases are as follows:

(In thousands)Balance Sheets CaptionNovember 26, 2022August 27, 2022
Assets
Operating lease right-of-use assetsOther long-term assets$44,800 $46,460 
Finance lease right-of-use assetsProperty and equipment, net299 367 
Total lease assets$45,099 $46,827 
Liabilities
Current:
Operating lease liabilitiesAccrued expenses and other current liabilities$7,035 $6,249 
Finance lease liabilitiesCurrent maturities of long-term debt250 264 
Long-term:
Operating lease liabilitiesOther long-term liabilities42,672 44,482 
Finance lease liabilitiesLong-term debt, less current maturities83 142 
Total lease liabilities$50,040 $51,137 

    Future maturities of lease liabilities as of November 26, 2022 were as follows:

(In thousands)Operating LeasesFinance Leases
Fiscal year ending:
Remainder of 20236,835 200 
20249,424 145 
20258,680  
20266,880  
20277,036  
Thereafter19,848  
Total lease payments58,703 345 
Less: Interest(8,996)(12)
Present value of lease liabilities$49,707 $333 

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    The weighted-average remaining lease terms and weighted-average discount rates for operating and finance leases were as follows:

November 26, 2022August 27, 2022
Weighted-average remaining lease term (in years)
Operating leases7.097.27
Finance leases1.301.51
Weighted-average discount rate
Operating leases4.7 %4.7 %
Finance leases5.6 %5.6 %

    Supplemental and other information related to leases was as follows:

Thirteen Weeks Ended
(In thousands)November 26, 2022November 27, 2021
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities
Operating cash flows from operating leases$2,040 $2,054 
Operating cash flows from finance leases$131 $148 
Financing cash flows from finance leases$78 $78 

9. Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation

    The Company is a party to certain litigation and claims that are considered normal to the operations of the business. From time to time, the Company has been and may again become involved in legal proceedings arising in the ordinary course of business. The Company is not presently a party to any litigation that it believes to be material, and the Company is not aware of any pending or threatened litigation against it that its management believes could have a material adverse effect on its business, operating results, financial condition or cash flows.

Other

    The Company has entered into endorsement contracts with certain celebrity figures and social media influencers to promote and endorse the Atkins and Quest brands and product lines. These contracts contain endorsement fees, which are expensed ratably over the life of the contract, and performance fees, that are recognized at the time of achievement. Based on the terms of the contracts in place and achievement of performance conditions as of November 26, 2022, the Company will be required to make payments of $3.4 million over the next year.

10. Stockholders’ Equity

Stock Repurchase Program

    The Company adopted a $50.0 million stock repurchase program on November 13, 2018. On April 13, 2022, and October 21, 2022, the Company announced that its Board of Directors had approved the addition of $50.0 million and $50.0 million, respectively, to its stock repurchase program, resulting in authorized stock repurchases of up to an aggregate of $150.0 million. Under the stock repurchase program, the Company may repurchase shares from time to time in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. The stock repurchase program does not obligate the Company to acquire any specific number of shares or acquire shares over any specific period of time. The stock repurchase program may be suspended or discontinued at any time by the Company and does not have an expiration date.

    During the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022, the Company repurchased 546,346 shares of common stock at an average share price of $30.11 per share. The Company did not repurchase any shares of common stock during the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021. As of November 26, 2022, approximately $71.5 million remained available under the stock repurchase program.

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Warrants to Purchase Common Stock

    During the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021, the Company had outstanding liability-classified Private Warrants that allowed holders to purchase 6,700,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. Such Private Warrants were held by Conyers Park, a related party. Each whole warrant entitled the holder to purchase one share of the Company’s common stock at a price of $11.50 per share. On January 7, 2022, Conyers Park elected to exercise the Private Warrants on a cashless basis, resulting in a net issuance of 4,830,761 shares of the Company’s common stock. As a result of the cashless exercise on January 7, 2022, there were no outstanding liability-classified Private Warrants as of as of November 26, 2022 and August 27, 2022.

    As discussed in Note 6, Fair Value of Financial Instruments, the liability-classified warrants were remeasured on a recurring basis, primarily based on observable market data while the related theoretical private warrant volatility assumption within the Black-Scholes model represents a Level 3 measurement within the fair value measurement hierarchy. The periodic fair value remeasurements of the warrant liability have been reflected in Loss in fair value change of warrant liability within the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income.

11. Earnings Per Share

    Basic earnings or loss per share is based on the weighted average number of common shares issued and outstanding. In computing diluted earnings per share, basic earnings per share is adjusted for the assumed issuance of all potentially dilutive securities, including the Company’s employee stock options, non-vested stock units, and Private Warrants for the periods during which they were outstanding. During periods when the effect of the outstanding Private Warrants was dilutive, the Company assumed share settlement of the instruments as of the beginning of the reporting period and adjusted the numerator to remove the change in fair value of the warrant liability and adjusted the denominator to include the dilutive shares, calculated using the treasury stock method. During periods when the effect of the outstanding Private Warrants was anti-dilutive, the share settlement was excluded.

    In periods in which the Company has a net loss, diluted loss per share is based on the weighted average number of common shares issued and outstanding as the effect of including common stock equivalents outstanding would be anti-dilutive.

    The following table reconciles the numerators and denominators used in the computations of both basic and diluted earnings per share:

 Thirteen Weeks Ended
(In thousands, except per share data)November 26, 2022November 27, 2021
Basic earnings per share computation:
Numerator:
Net income available to common stockholders$35,860 $21,152 
Denominator:
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic99,200,557 95,856,845 
Basic earnings per share from net income$0.36 $0.22 
Diluted earnings per share computation:
Numerator:
Net income available for common stockholders$35,860 $21,152 
Numerator for diluted earnings per share$35,860 $21,152 
Denominator:
Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic99,200,557 95,856,845 
Employee stock options1,299,543 1,652,577 
Non-vested stock units222,936 352,151 
Weighted average common shares - diluted100,723,036 97,861,573 
Diluted earnings per share from net income$0.36 $0.22 

    Diluted earnings per share calculations for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 and November 27, 2021 excluded 0.4 million shares and 0.2 million shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of stock options, respectively, that would have been anti-dilutive.

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    Diluted earnings per share calculations for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 and November 27, 2021 excluded 0.1 million non-vested stock units and an immaterial number of non-vested stock units, respectively, that would have been anti-dilutive.

    Diluted earnings per share calculations for the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021 excluded 4.6 million shares issuable upon exercise of Private Warrants that would have been anti-dilutive.

12. Omnibus Incentive Plan

    Stock-based compensation includes stock options, restricted stock units, performance stock unit awards and stock appreciation rights, which are awarded to employees, directors, and consultants of the Company. Stock-based compensation expense for equity-classified awards is recognized on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the award based on their grant date fair value. Stock-based compensation expense is included within General and administrative expense, which is the same financial statement caption where the recipient’s other compensation is reported.

    The Company recorded stock-based compensation expense of $3.3 million and $2.6 million in the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 and November 27, 2021, respectively.

Stock Options

    The following table summarizes stock option activity for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022:

Shares underlying optionsWeighted average
exercise price
Weighted average remaining contractual life (years)
Outstanding as of August 27, 20222,776,551 $18.04 6.10
Granted135,001 38.61 
Exercised(314,431)14.51 
Forfeited  
Outstanding as of November 26, 20222,597,121 $19.54 6.09
Vested and expected to vest as of November 26, 20222,597,121 $19.54 6.09
Exercisable as of November 26, 20222,064,196 $15.62 5.42

    As of November 26, 2022, the Company had $6.0 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to stock options that will be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.9 years. During the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 and November 27, 2021, the Company received $4.6 million and $0.3 million in cash from stock option exercises, respectively.

Restricted Stock Units

    The following table summarizes restricted stock unit activity for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022:

UnitsWeighted average
grant-date fair value
Non-vested as of August 27, 2022453,003 $30.68 
Granted245,591 37.18 
Vested(167,979)27.22 
Forfeited  
Non-vested as of November 26, 2022530,615 $34.78 

    As of November 26, 2022, the Company had $15.7 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to restricted stock units that will be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.8 years.

Performance Stock Units

    During the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022, the Board of Directors granted performance stock units under the Company’s equity compensation plan. Performance stock units vest in a range between 0% and 200% based upon certain performance criteria in a three-year period. Performance stock units were valued using a Monte Carlo simulation.
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    The following table summarizes performance stock unit activity for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022:

UnitsWeighted average
grant-date fair value
Non-vested as of August 27, 2022255,023 $32.82 
Granted50,629 62.55 
Vested(72,452)27.39 
Forfeited(20,338)27.39 
Non-vested as of November 26, 2022212,862 $42.25 

    As of November 26, 2022, the Company had $6.0 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to performance stock units that will be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.7 years.

Stock Appreciation Rights

    Stock appreciation rights (“SARs”) permit the holder to participate in the appreciation of the Company’s common stock price and are awarded to non-employee consultants of the Company. The Company’s SARs settle in shares of its common stock once the applicable vesting criteria have been met. The SARs outstanding as of November 26, 2022 cliff vest two years from the date of grant and must be exercised within five years.

    The following table summarizes SARs activity for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022:

Shares underlying SARsWeighted average
exercise price
Outstanding as of August 27, 2022150,000 $24.20 
Granted150,000 37.67 
Exercised(150,000)24.20 
Forfeited  
Outstanding as of November 26, 2022150,000 $37.67 

    The SARs exercised in the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 resulted in a net issuance of 38,850 shares of the Company’s common stock. The SARs granted in the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 are liability-classified; therefore the related stock-based compensation expense is based on the vesting provisions and the fair value of the awards.

13. Restructuring and Related Charges

    In May 2020, the Company announced certain restructuring activities in conjunction with the implementation of the Company’s future-state organization design, which created a fully integrated organization with its completed acquisition of Quest Nutrition, LLC on November 7, 2019. The new organization design became effective on August 31, 2020. These restructuring plans primarily included workforce reductions, changes in management structure, and the relocation of business activities from one location to another.

    The Company substantially completed its restructuring activities during the third quarter of fiscal 2022; therefore no restructuring or restructuring-related costs were incurred in the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022. In the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021, the Company incurred an immaterial amount of restructuring and restructuring-related costs. Since the announcement of the restructuring activities in May 2020, the Company incurred aggregate restructuring and restructuring-related costs of $9.9 million.     

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Item 2.     Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

    This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Report”) contains forward-looking statements. When used anywhere in this Report, the words “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements relate to future events or our future financial or operational performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These statements include, but are not limited to, our expectations regarding our supply chain, including but not limited to, raw materials and logistics costs, the effect of price increases, inflationary pressure on us and our contract manufacturers, and the unforeseen business disruptions or other effects due to current global geopolitical tensions, including relating to Ukraine. We disclaim any undertaking to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based, except as required by applicable law. These statements reflect our current views with respect to future events and are based on assumptions subject to risks and uncertainties. Such risks and uncertainties include those related to our ability to sell our products.

    The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 27, 2022 (“Annual Report”) and our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes appearing elsewhere in this Report. In addition to historical information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, statements regarding the Company’s expectation for future performance, liquidity and capital resources that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company’s expectations. The Company’s actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause such differences include those identified in Item 1A. “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report. The Company assumes no obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements.

    Unless the context requires otherwise in this Report, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” and “Simply Good Foods” refer to The Simply Good Foods Company and its subsidiaries.

Overview

    The Simply Good Foods Company is a consumer packaged food and beverage company that aims to lead the nutritious snacking movement with trusted brands that offer a variety of convenient, innovative, great-tasting, better-for-you snacks and meal replacements, and other product offerings. The product portfolio we develop, market and sell consists primarily of protein bars, ready-to-drink (“RTD”) shakes, sweet and salty snacks and confectionery products marketed under the Atkins®, Atkins Endulge®, Quest® and Quest HeroTM brand names. We believe Simply Good Foods is poised to expand its wellness platform through innovation and organic growth along with acquisition opportunities in the nutritional snacking space.

    Our nutritious snacking platform consists of brands that specialize in providing products for consumers that follow certain nutritional philosophies and health-and-wellness trends: Atkins® for those following a low-carb lifestyle and Quest® for consumers seeking a variety of protein-rich foods and beverages that also limit sugars and simple carbs. We distribute our products in major retail channels, primarily in North America, including grocery, club, and mass merchandise, as well as through e-commerce, convenience, specialty, and other channels. Our portfolio of nutritious snacking brands gives us a strong platform with which to introduce new products, expand distribution, and attract new consumers to our products.

Business Trends

    We continue to actively monitor the impact of the dynamic macroeconomic inflationary environment in the United States and elsewhere, elevated levels of supply chain cost inflation, and the level of consumer mobility, which includes the rate at which consumers return to working outside the home. Current or future governmental policies may increase the risk of inflation and possible economic recession, which could further increase the costs of ingredients, packaging and finished goods for our business as well as negatively effect consumer behavior and demand for our products. Additionally, management is continuing to monitor the conflict in Ukraine, especially regarding the availability and cost of raw materials that are produced in this region and Europe in general. Management is also monitoring for signs of any expansion of economic or supply chain disruptions or broader supply chain inflationary costs resulting either directly or indirectly from the crisis in Eastern Europe.

    During the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022, our business performance was affected by the corresponding unfavorable effects of higher raw material costs, higher co-manufacturing costs, higher freight and logistics costs, and supply chain challenges, including supply chain disruptions resulting from labor shortages and disruptions in ingredients, and we expect these inflationary cost pressures and supply chain challenges to continue for the remainder of fiscal year 2023.

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    We continue to proactively engage with our retail customers, contract manufacturers, and logistics and transportation providers, to meet demand for our products and to remain informed of any challenges within our business operations. Additionally, we instituted price increases effective in the first and fourth quarters of fiscal year 2022. Management believes these price increases and additional cost savings initiatives will partially offset the unfavorable effects of the supply chain cost pressures discussed above.

    The ultimate effect the supply chain challenges, cost pressures, current high inflation environment, and the possible economic recession discussed above could have on consumer purchasing patterns and on our business continue to be not fully known.

    Based on information available to us as of the date of this Report, we believe we will be able to deliver products at acceptable levels to fulfill customer orders on a timely basis; therefore, we expect our products will continue to be available for purchase to meet consumer meal replacement and snacking needs for the foreseeable future. We continue to monitor customer and consumer demand along with our supply chain and logistics capabilities and intend to adapt our plans as needed to continue to drive our business and meet our obligations.

Key Financial Definitions

    Net sales. Net sales consist primarily of product sales less the cost of promotional activities, slotting fees and other sales credits and adjustments, including product returns.

    Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold consists primarily of the costs we pay to our contract manufacturing partners to produce the products sold. These costs include the purchase of raw ingredients, packaging, shipping and handling, warehousing, depreciation of warehouse equipment, and a tolling charge for the contract manufacturer. Cost of goods sold includes products provided at no charge as part of promotions and the non-food materials provided with customer orders.

    Operating expenses. Operating expenses consist primarily of selling and marketing, general and administrative, and depreciation and amortization expense. The following is a brief description of the components of operating expenses:

Selling and marketing. Selling and marketing expenses comprise broker commissions, customer marketing, media and other marketing costs.
General and administrative. General and administrative expenses comprise expenses associated with corporate and administrative functions that support our business, including employee compensation, stock-based compensation, professional services, integration costs, restructuring costs, insurance and other general corporate expenses.
Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization costs consist of costs associated with the depreciation of fixed assets and capitalized leasehold improvements and amortization of intangible assets.

Results of Operations

    During the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022, our net sales increased $19.6 million, or 7.0%, and our gross profit decreased $5.6 million, or 4.8%, compared to the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021. Net sales for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 were positively affected by the price increase effective in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2022 and both the Atkins® and Quest® brands experienced sales growth driven by increased e-commerce sales volume. However, unfavorable effects of higher raw material and co-manufacturing costs and supply chain challenges in the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 resulted in decreased gross profit and gross profit margin as compared to the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021. As previously discussed above in “Business Trends,” we expect these inflationary cost pressures and supply chain challenges to continue for the remainder of fiscal year 2023.

    In assessing the performance of our business, we consider a number of key performance indicators used by management and typically used by our competitors, including the non-GAAP measures EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. Because not all companies use identical calculations, this presentation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. See “Reconciliation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA” below for a reconciliation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA to net income for each applicable period.

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Comparison of Unaudited Results for the Thirteen Weeks Ended November 26, 2022 and the Thirteen Weeks Ended November 27, 2021

    The following unaudited table presents, for the periods indicated, selected information from our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income, including information presented as a percentage of net sales:

Thirteen Weeks EndedThirteen Weeks Ended
(In thousands)November 26, 2022% of Net SalesNovember 27, 2021% of Net Sales
Net sales$300,878 100.0 %$281,265 100.0 %
Cost of goods sold189,886 63.1 %164,710 58.6 %
Gross profit110,992 36.9 %116,555 41.4 %
Operating expenses:
Selling and marketing28,534 9.5 %30,527 10.9 %
General and administrative25,641 8.5 %23,702 8.4 %
Depreciation and amortization4,327 1.4 %4,320 1.5 %
Total operating expenses58,502 19.4 %58,549 20.8 %
Income from operations52,490 17.4 %58,006 20.6 %
Other income (expense):
Interest income— %— %
Interest expense(7,055)(2.3)%(6,371)(2.3)%
Loss in fair value change of warrant liability— — %(17,317)(6.2)%
Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions108 — %(353)(0.1)%
Other income— %— %
Total other expense(6,934)(2.3)%(24,031)(8.5)%
Income before income taxes45,556 15.1 %33,975 12.1 %
Income tax expense9,696 3.2 %12,823 4.6 %
Net income$35,860 11.9 %$21,152 7.5 %
Other financial data:
Adjusted EBITDA (1)
$60,766 20.2 %$65,615 23.3 %
(1) Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial metric. See “Reconciliation of EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA” below for a reconciliation of net income to EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA for each applicable period.

    Net sales. Net sales of $300.9 million represented an increase of $19.6 million, or 7.0%, for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 compared to the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021. The increase was primarily attributable to the price increase effective in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2022 and e-commerce sales volume growth for both the Atkins® and Quest® brands, which increased our North America net sales by 7.8% in the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 compared to the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021. The increase in North America net sales was partially offset by a 16.5% decline in our international business and a 1.1% headwind to net sales growth related to our shift from direct sales to licensing the Quest® frozen pizza business in the third quarter of fiscal year 2022.

    Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold increased $25.2 million, or 15.3%, for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 compared to the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021. The cost of goods sold increase was driven by higher raw material, packaging, and co-manufacturing costs and supply chain challenges for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 as well as sales volume growth for both the Atkins® and Quest® brands, as discussed above. As previously discussed above in “Business Trends,” we expect these inflationary cost pressures and supply chain challenges to continue for the remainder of fiscal year 2023.

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    Gross profit. Gross profit decreased $5.6 million, or 4.8%, for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 compared to the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021. Additionally, gross profit of $111.0 million, or 36.9% of net sales, for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 decreased 450 basis points from 41.4% of net sales for the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021. The decreases in gross profit and gross profit margin were primarily driven by the unfavorable effects of higher raw material, packaging, and co-manufacturing costs and supply chain challenges in the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 as previously discussed. These decreases were partially offset by the favorable effects of the price increase which became effective in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2022.

    Operating expenses. Operating expenses remained approximately flat at $58.5 million for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 and November 27, 2021 due to the following:

Selling and marketing. Selling and marketing expenses decreased $2.0 million, or 6.5%, for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 compared to the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021, primarily related to the timing of marketing spend, which was partially offset by increased production costs related to television commercials.
General and administrative. General and administrative expenses increased $1.9 million, or 8.2%, for the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 compared to the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021. The increase in general and administrative expenses was primarily attributable to a $0.7 million increase in stock-based compensation and increased corporate and employee related expenses. These increases were partially offset by the discontinuation of costs related to business integration activities and restructuring charges in the thirteen weeks ended November 26, 2022 compared to costs totaling $0.1 million in the thirteen weeks ended November 27, 2021.