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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________________________
FORM 10-K/A
(Amendment No. 1)
_______________________________________________________
(Mark One) 
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended August 29, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ______ to ______

Commission File Number: 001-38115
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The Simply Good Foods Company
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
https://cdn.kscope.io/7285778d2a8b2849e7f0e1f4633a0840-atk-20200829_g1.jpg
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Delaware82-1038121
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1225 17th Street, Suite 1000
Denver, CO 80202
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
(303) 633-2840
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareSMPLNasdaq

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Date File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer
Non-Accelerated Filer Smaller Reporting Company
  Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

The aggregate market value of the common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of February 28, 2020, the last trading day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter was approximately $1.8 billion based on the closing price of $22.06 for one share of common stock, as reported on the Nasdaq Capital Market on that date.

As of October 26, 2020, there were 95,683,897 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, issued and outstanding.





EXPLANATORY NOTE

    This Amendment No. 1 to Form 10-K (this “Amendment” or “Form 10-K/A”) amends The Simply Good Foods Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 29, 2020, which was originally filed with the SEC on October 28, 2020 (the “Original Filing”). See Note 2, Restatement of Previously Issued Consolidated Financial Statements, in Part II, Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, for additional information.

    On April 12, 2021, the SEC issued a statement (the “SEC Statement”) on the accounting and reporting considerations for warrants issued by special purpose acquisition companies (“SPACs”). The SEC Statement discussed certain features of warrants issued in SPAC transactions that may be common across many entities. Specifically, the SEC Statement focused in part on provisions in warrant agreements that provide for potential changes to the settlement amounts dependent upon the characteristics of the warrant holder. The SEC Statement indicated that, because the holder of a warrant is not an input into the pricing of a fixed-for-fixed option on equity shares, such provisions would preclude the warrant from being classified in equity and thus the warrant should be classified as a liability. Following consideration of the guidance in the SEC Statement, The Simply Good Foods Company (the “Company”) concluded that its private warrants (“Private Warrants”) should be classified as a liability and measured at fair value, with changes in fair value each period reported in earnings in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging: Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity.

    On May 13, 2021, the Audit Committee of the Company’s Board of Directors, in consultation with management, concluded that the Company’s previously issued consolidated financial statements for the fiscal years ended August 29, 2020, August 31, 2019, and August 25, 2018, and for each of the Company’s previously issued unaudited interim quarterly financial statements for fiscal years 2020 and 2019 (the “Non-Reliance Period”), should no longer be relied upon. As such, the Company resolved to restate the consolidated financial statements for the Non-Reliance Period.

    The Company is filing this Amendment to amend and restate the previously issued financial statements to correct the misapplication of the accounting for the Private Warrants as well as certain other previously identified adjustments that were not deemed material to the Non-Reliance Period. This Amendment also amends and restates the Company’s Risk Factors, Selected Financial Data, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and other disclosures made in the Original Filing as appropriate to reflect the restatement of the relevant periods (the “Restatement”).

Effect of Restatement

    As a result of the Restatement, the Private Warrants are now reflected as a liability measured at fair value on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets, and the change in the fair value of this liability in each period is recognized as a gain or loss in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss). Further, the Restatement gives effect to the correction of certain other previously identified immaterial adjustments in the fiscal years ended August 31, 2019 and August 25, 2018.

    The effect of these adjustments on net income for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020, the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019, the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018, and the period from July 7, 2017 through August 26, 2017, was a gain of $30.9 million, a loss of $72.8 million, a loss of $33.1 million, and a gain of $0.7 million, respectively. The adjustments increased total liabilities at August 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019 by $93.6 million and $124.6 million, respectively, with corresponding decreases to total stockholders’ equity.

    The restatement of the financial statements had no effect on the Company’s liquidity, cash, or cash equivalents, or cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities. See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Amendment for additional information on the restatement and the related financial statement effects.





Internal Control Considerations

    In light of the restatement discussed above, the Company has reassessed its conclusions regarding the effectiveness of its internal controls over financial reporting as of August 29, 2020, and has concluded that it has a material weakness related to the determination of the appropriate accounting and classification of the Private Warrants. As a result of the material weakness, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of August 29, 2020. Management plans to implement changes to strengthen internal controls and to remediate the material weakness. For additional information, see Part II, Item 9A, Controls and Procedures, of this Form 10-K/A.

Items Amended in this Form 10-K/A

The following sections in the Original Filing are amended and restated in their entirety in this Form 10-K/A to reflect the restatement:

Part I - Item 1A - Risk Factors
Part II - Item 6 - Selected Financial Data
Part II - Item 7 - Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Part II - Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Part II - Item 9A - Controls and Procedures
Part IV - Item 15 - Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

    Our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have also provided new certifications as required by Sections 302 and 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 dated as of the filing date of this Form 10-K/A. The certifications are included in this Form 10-K/A as Exhibits 31.1, 31.2, and 32.1.

    This Form 10-K/A sets forth only those items from the Original Filing that have been modified and superseded to reflect the Restatement. Except as provided above, this Amendment does not reflect events occurring after the filing of the Original Filing. Accordingly, this Form 10-K/A should be read in conjunction with the Original Filing and filings with the SEC subsequent to the date on which the Company filed the Original Filing with the SEC.





The Simply Good Foods Company and Subsidiaries

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
PART I

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Cautionary Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements

    This Form 10-K/A (this “Report”) contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). When used anywhere in this Report, the words “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements relate to future events or our future financial or operational performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievement to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. We caution you that these forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. These statements reflect our current views with respect to future events, are based on assumptions and are subject to risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include, among other things, the effect of the novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") on our business, financial condition and results of operations, statements about our ability to continue to operate at a profit, our ability to maintain current operation levels, our ability to maintain and gain market acceptance for our products or new products, our ability to capitalize on attractive opportunities, our ability to respond to competition and changes in the economy, unexpected costs, charges or expenses resulting from the Acquisition (as defined herein), failure to realize the anticipated benefits of the Acquisition, difficulties and delays in achieving the synergies and cost savings in connection with the Acquisition, changes in the business environment in which we operate including general financial, economic, capital market, regulatory and political conditions affecting us and the industry in which we operate, changes in consumer preferences and purchasing habits, our ability to maintain adequate product inventory levels to timely supply customer orders, the effect of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 on our business, changes in taxes, tariffs, duties, governmental laws and regulations, the availability of or competition for other brands, assets or other opportunities for investment by us or to expand our business, competitive product and pricing activity, difficulties of managing growth profitably, the loss of one or more members of our or of Quest’s (as defined herein) management team, and other risks and uncertainties indicated in this Report, including those set forth under “Risk Factors” in this Report. Important factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated or implied by forward-looking statements such as those contained in documents we have filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), including in this Report in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” “Risk Factors” and those contained in subsequent reports we will file with the SEC. All forward-looking statements in this Report are qualified entirely by the cautionary statements included in this Report and such other filings. These risks and uncertainties or other important factors could cause actual results to differ materially from results expressed or implied by forward-looking statements contained in this Report. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this Report. We undertake no intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, and readers should not rely on the forward-looking statements as representing the Company’s views as of any date subsequent to the date of the filing of this Report.

Other Pertinent Information

    The Simply Good Foods Company (“Simply Good Foods”) was formed on March 30, 2017, to consummate a business combination (the “Business Combination”) between Conyers Park Acquisition Corp. (“Conyers Park”) and NCP-ATK Holdings, Inc. (“Atkins”), which occurred on July 7, 2017 (the “Closing Date”). As a result, Simply Good Foods owns all of the equity in Atkins.

    Conyers Park, a special purpose acquisition company, was formed in 2016 for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses. Simply Good Foods is listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “SMPL.”

    Unless the context otherwise requires, “we,” “us,” “our” and the “Company” refer, for periods prior to the completion of the Business Combination, to Atkins and its subsidiaries, and, for periods upon or after the completion of the Business Combination, to The Simply Good Foods Company and its subsidiaries. In context, “Atkins” may also refer to the Atkins® brand.
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PART I

Item 1A. Risk Factors (As Restated)

    An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. You should carefully consider the risks described below before making an investment decision. Our business, prospects, financial condition or operating results could be harmed by any of these risks, and other risks not currently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial. The trading price of our securities could decline due to any of these risks, and, as a result, you may lose all or part of your investment.

Risks Related to our Business

Pandemics, epidemics or disease outbreaks, such as the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”), may disrupt our business, including, among other things, consumption and trade patterns, our supply chain and production processes, each of which could materially affect our operations, liquidity, financial condition and results of operations.

    The actual or perceived effects of a disease outbreak, epidemic, pandemic or similar widespread public health concern, such as COVID-19, could negatively affect our operations, liquidity, financial condition and results of operations. The COVID-19 outbreak situation remains dynamic and subject to rapid and possibly material change, including but not limited to changes that may materially affect the operations of our customers and supply chain partners, which ultimately could cause material negative effects on our business and results of operations.

    Pandemics, epidemics or disease outbreaks may affect demand for our products because quarantines or other government restrictions on movement may cause erratic consumer purchase behavior. Governmental or societal impositions of restrictions on public gatherings, especially if prolonged, may have adverse effects on in-person traffic to retail stores and, in turn, our business. Even the perceived risk of infection or health risk may adversely affect traffic to our store-based retail customers and, in turn, our business, liquidity, financial condition and results of operations, particularly if any self-imposed or government-imposed restrictions are in place for significant time.

    The spread of pandemics, epidemics or disease outbreaks such as COVID-19 may also disrupt our third-party business partners’ ability to meet their obligations to us, which may negatively affect our operations. These third parties include those who supply our ingredients, packaging, and other necessary operating materials, contract manufacturers, distributors, and logistics and transportation services providers. Ports and other channels of entry may be closed or operate at only a portion of capacity, as workers may be prohibited or otherwise unable to report to work and means of transporting products within regions or countries may be limited for the same reason. Because of the COVID-19 outbreak, transport restrictions related to quarantines or travel bans have been put in place and global supply may become constrained, each of which may cause price increases or shortages of certain ingredients and raw materials used in our products and/or we may experience disruptions to our operations. Further, our contract manufacturers’ ability to manufacture our products may be impaired by any material disruption to their employee staffing, procurement, manufacturing, or warehousing capabilities because of COVID-19 or similar outbreaks.

    Our results of operations depend on, among other things, our ability to maintain and increase sales volume with our existing customers, to attract new consumers and to provide products that appeal to consumers at prices they are willing and able to pay. Our ability to implement our innovation, advertising, display and promotion activities designed to maintain and increase our sales volumes on a timely basis may be negatively affected because of modifications to retailer shelf reset timing or retailer pullback on in-store display and promotional activities during the COVID-19 outbreak or similar situations. Retailers may also alter their normal inventory receiving and product restocking practices during pandemics, epidemics or disease outbreaks such as COVID-19, which may negatively affect our business.

    Workforce limitations and travel restrictions resulting from pandemics, epidemics or disease outbreaks such as COVID-19 and related government actions may affect many aspects of our business. If a significant percentage of our workforce cannot work, including because of illness, travel or government restrictions in connection with pandemics or disease outbreaks, our operations may be negatively affected. In addition, pandemics or disease outbreaks could cause a widespread health crisis that could adversely affect the economies and financial markets of many countries, resulting in an economic downturn that could affect customers’ and consumers’ demand for our products.

    Adverse and uncertain economic conditions, such as decreases in per capita income and level of disposable income, increased unemployment or a decline in consumer confidence because of the COVID-19 outbreak or similar situations, could have an adverse effect on distributor, retailer and consumer demand for our products. Consumers may shift purchases to lower-priced or other perceived value offerings during economic downturns. Prolonged unfavorable economic conditions, including because of COVID-19 or similar outbreaks, and any resulting recession or slowed economic growth, may have an adverse effect on our sales and profitability.

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    Our consolidated results of operations for the full fiscal year ended August 29, 2020 were affected by changes in consumer shopping and consumption behavior due to COVID-19. After the brief pantry loading period in mid-March 2020, the nutritional snacking category saw a marked decrease in shopping trips (particularly in the mass channel) and fewer usage occasions. This affected our portable and convenient on-the-go products, especially the nutrition and protein bar portion of our business for both our Atkins and Quest brands. As home confinement restrictions began to ease, shopping trips steadily improved from their lowest point and consumer interest in weight management and active nutrition began to improve.

    During the fourth fiscal quarter of 2020, the improvement in category trends plateaued. While our Quest brand has outperformed its portion of the nutritious snaking segment, the performance of our Atkins brand, which is part of the weight management portion of the market, has remained slower due to the temporary softer interest in weight management for consumers, fewer on-the-go usage occasions and weakness in the mass channel that has experienced reduced shopper traffic during the pandemic.

    We believe these effects on consumer demand and shopping behavior as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak may continue in the future. until the more fulsome reopening of the U.S. economy and the associated return of shopping behavior to more normal patterns and our brand benefits of active nutrition and weight management drive more better-for-you snacking and meal replacement usage occasions.

    Our efforts to manage and mitigate these factors may be unsuccessful, and the effectiveness of these efforts depends on factors beyond our control, including the duration and severity of any pandemic, epidemic or disease outbreak, and third party actions taken to contain its spread and mitigate public health effects.

We may not be able to compete successfully in the highly competitive nutritional snacking industry.

    The nutritious snacking industry is large and intensely competitive because consumers are seeking simpler, “cleaner” and more sustainable eating habits. Our business is committed to providing people a more nutritious way to eat. As a result, we compete in the nutritional snacking industry, which is included in the general snack foods industry. Competitive factors in the nutritional snacking industry include product quality, taste, brand awareness among consumers, nutritional content, simpler and less processed ingredients, innovation of “on-trend” snacks, variety of snacks offered, grocery aisle placement, access to retailer shelf space, price, advertising and promotion, product packaging and package design. We compete in this market against numerous multinational, regional and local companies principally based on our low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich nutritional content, product taste and quality, our brand recognition and loyalty, marketing, advertising, price and the ability to satisfy specific consumer dietary needs. An increasing focus on healthy and simpler products in the marketplace will likely increase these competitive pressures within the category in future periods.

    Our competitors in the nutritional snacking industry include companies selling branded weight loss programs who support these programs by offering a wide variety of diet foods, meal replacement bars, shakes and nutritional supplements, and through the promotion of weight loss and weight management approaches such as keto, paleo, vegan, gluten free, vegetarian and others. Views towards nutritional snacking, weight loss and management, and other nutritional approaches, are cyclical and trendy, with constantly changing consumer perceptions. Besides remaining competitive through the quality of our products, consumer perceptions of the Atkins’ weight management approach and the effectiveness of a low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich eating approach for both our Atkins and Quest brands must continue to be viewed favorably, or our business and reputation may be materially and adversely affected. For the Atkins brand, if other weight management approaches become more popular, or are generally perceived to be more effective, we may not be able to compete effectively.

    Some of our competitors have resources substantially greater than we have and sell brands that may be more widely recognized than our brands. Our current and potential competitors may offer products similar to our products, a wider range of products than we offer, and may offer such products at more competitive prices than we do. Local or regional markets often have significant additional competitors, many of whom offer products similar to ours and may have unique ties to regional or national retail chains. Any increased competition from new entrants into the nutritional snacking industry or any increased success by existing competition could cause reductions in our sales, require us to reduce our prices, or both, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

If we fail to implement our growth strategies successfully, timely, or at all, our ability to increase our revenue and operating profits could be materially and adversely affected.

    Our future success depends, largely, on our ability to implement our growth strategies effectively, including expanding on a low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich healthy lifestyle while maintaining the traditional identity of our brands and the loyalty of our consumers. However, we may fail in implementing our growth strategies effectively. On November 7, 2019, we completed our acquisition of Quest, a healthy lifestyle food company. We expect to continue focusing on nutritional snacking and intend to add additional brands to our product portfolio. As a multi-brand business, we face increased complexities and greater uncertainty regarding consumer trends and demands than as a single-brand business. Our ability to expand successfully our nutritional snacking brands and other growth strategies depends on, among other things, our ability to identify, and successfully cater to, new demographics and consumer trends, develop new and innovative
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products, identify and acquire additional product lines and businesses, secure shelf space in grocery stores, wholesale clubs and other retailers, increase consumer awareness of our brands, enter into distribution and other strategic arrangements with third-party retailers and other potential distributors of our products, and compete with numerous other companies and products. In addition, regarding our Atkins brand, self-directed lifestyle consumers of products may have different preferences and spending habits than the consumers of traditional weight loss products. We may not succeed in reaching and maintaining the loyalty of new consumers to the same extent, or at all, as we have with our historical consumers.

    Regarding our Atkins brand, we believe traditional weight management consumers actively on the Atkins program represent approximately 15% of that current consumer base whereas the remaining approximate 85% of our Atkins consumers are not currently on a program diet. We may not succeed in evolving our advertising and other efforts to appeal to both our branded weight loss consumers and self-directed healthy lifestyle consumers.

    If we cannot identify and capture new audiences and demographics, our ability to integrate additional brands successfully will be adversely affected. Accordingly, we may not be able to successfully implement our growth strategies, expand our brands, or continue to maintain growth in our sales at our current rate, or at all. If we fail to implement our growth strategies or if we invest resources in growth strategies that ultimately prove unsuccessful, our sales and profitability may be negatively affected, which would materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

If we do not continually enhance our brand recognition, increase distribution of our products, attract new consumers to our brands and introduce new and innovative products, either on a timely basis or at all, our business may suffer.

    The nutritional snacking industry is subject to rapid and frequent changes in consumer demands. Because consumers are constantly seeking new products and strategies to achieve their healthy eating goals, our success relies heavily on our ability to continue to develop and market new and innovative products and extensions. New product sales represent a growing and important portion of our net sales. To respond to new and evolving consumer demands, achieve market acceptance and keep pace with new nutritional, weight management, technological and other developments, we must constantly introduce new and innovative products into the market, some of which may not be accepted by consumers, may be sent to market prematurely or may not be consistent with our quality and taste standards. Accordingly, we may not succeed in timely developing, introducing or marketing any new or enhanced products. If we cannot commercialize new products, our revenue may not grow as expected, which would materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We rely on sales to a limited number of retailers for a substantial majority of our net sales, and losing one or more such retailers may materially harm our business. In addition, we maintain “at will” contracts with these retailers, which do not require recurring or minimum purchase amounts of our products.

    A substantial majority of our sales are generated from a limited number of retailers. Sales to our largest retailer, Walmart, represented approximately 34% of consolidated sales in fiscal year 2020, of which approximately 25% is through their mass retail channel and approximately 8% is through their club channel. Sales to our next largest retailer, Amazon, represented approximately 10% of consolidated sales in fiscal year 2020. Although the composition of our significant retailers may vary from period-to-period, we expect that most of our net sales will continue to come from a relatively small number of retailers for the foreseeable future. These retailers may take actions that affect us for reasons we cannot anticipate or control, such as their financial condition, changes in their business strategy or operations, the perceived quality of their products and introducing competing products. There can be no assurance that Walmart, Amazon or our other significant customers will continue to purchase our products in the same quantities or on the same terms as in the past, particularly as increasingly powerful retailers continue to demand lower pricing.

    Our retailers rarely provide us with firm, long- or short-term volume purchase commitments. As a result, we could have periods with little to no orders for our products while still incurring costs related to workforce maintenance, marketing, general corporate and debt service. Furthermore, despite operating in different channels, our retailers sometimes compete for the same consumers. Because of actual or perceived conflicts resulting from competition, retailers may take actions that negatively affect us. We may not find new retailers to supplement our revenue in periods when we experience reduced purchase orders, or recover fixed costs because of experiencing reduced purchase orders. Periods of reduced purchase orders could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

    Conversely, occasionally, we may experience unanticipated increases in orders of our products from these retailers that can create supply chain problems and may cause unfilled orders. If we cannot meet increased demand for our products, our reputation with these retailers may be harmed. Unanticipated fluctuations in product requirements could cause fluctuations in our results from quarter-to-quarter. Consolidation among retailers may also materially and adversely affect our results. An increase in the concentration of our sales to large customers may negatively affect our profitability due to the effect of higher shelving fees and reduced volumes of product sold. Furthermore, as retailers consolidate or account for a larger percentage of our sales, they may reduce the number of branded products they offer to accommodate private label products and pressure us to lower the prices of our products.
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Our growth may be limited if we cannot maintain or secure additional shelf or retail space for our products.

    Our results depend on our ability to drive revenue growth, in part, by expanding the distribution channels for our products. Our ability to do so may be limited by an inability to secure new retailers, or maintain or add shelf and retail space for our products. Shelf and retail space for nutritional snacks is limited and subject to competitive and other pressures. There can be no assurance that retailers will provide sufficient, or any, shelf space, nor that online retailers will provide online access to their platform to enable us to meet our growth objectives.

    Unattractive shelf placement and pricing may put our products at a disadvantage compared to those of our competitors. Even if we obtain shelf space or preferable shelf placement, our new and existing products may fail to achieve the sales expectations set by our retailers, potentially causing these retailers to remove our products from their shelves. Additionally, an increase in the quantity and quality of private label products in the product categories in which we compete could create more pressure for shelf space and placement for branded products within each such category, which could materially and adversely affect our sales.

    We believe our consumers generally shop for our brands first, then choose a product form or flavor second. Our ability to shelf all of our brands' products together in one area at retail enables consumers to easily find all products when shopping. Any customer decision to separate our brands’ products by form (bars, RTDs, cookies, chips or confections) could negatively affect our business.

Changes in consumer preferences, perceptions of healthy food products and discretionary spending may negatively affect our brand loyalty and net sales, and materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

    We focus on products that are, or that we believe are, perceived to have positive effects on health, and compete in a market that relies on innovation and evolving consumer preferences. The processed food industry in general, and the nutritional snacking industry in particular, is subject to changing consumer trends, demands and preferences. Emerging science, and our nutritional approach and theories regarding health are constantly evolving. Products or methods of eating once considered healthy may become disfavored by consumers, scientifically disproven or no longer be perceived as healthy.

    Trends within the food industry change often and our failure to anticipate, identify or react to changes in these trends could, among other things, lead to reduced consumer demand, shelf or retail space and price reductions, and could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, certain ingredients used in our products may become negatively perceived by consumers, resulting in reformulation of existing products to remove such ingredients, which may negatively affect the taste or other qualities of our products. Factors that may affect consumer perception of healthy products include dietary trends and attention to different nutritional aspects of foods, concerns regarding the health effects of specific ingredients and nutrients, trends away from specific ingredients in products and increasing awareness of the environmental and social effects of product production.

    Consumer perceptions of the nutritional profile of low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich eating practices and products may shift and consumers may no longer perceive products with fewer carbohydrates, higher levels of protein, higher levels of fat and additional fiber as healthy. Approaches regarding weight management and healthy lifestyles are the subject of numerous studies and publications, often with differentiating views and opinions, some of which may be adverse to us. Conflicting scientific information on what constitutes good nutrition, diet fads or other weight loss trends may materially and adversely affect our business. Our success depends, in part, on our ability to anticipate the tastes and dietary habits of consumers and other consumer trends and to offer products that appeal to their needs and preferences on a timely and affordable basis. A change in consumer discretionary spending, due to economic downturn or other reasons may also materially and adversely affect our sales, and our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The loss of, a disruption in or an inability to efficiently operate our fulfillment network could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

    For our U.S. operations, we utilize distribution centers in Greenfield, Indiana, one for our Quest brand and one for our Atkins brand. A substantially portion of our inventory is shipped directly to our retailers from these centers by a third-party operator. We rely significantly on the orderly operation of these centers. If complications arise, or if a particular facility is damaged or destroyed, our ability to deliver inventory timely for that brand will be significantly impaired, which could materially and adversely affect our business.

    We rely on a single-sourced logistics provider for distribution and product shipments in the United States. Our utilization of delivery services for shipments is subject to risks that may affect the ability to provide delivery services that adequately meet our shipping needs including increases in fuel prices, employee strikes and inclement weather. Occasionally, we may change third-party transportation providers and we could face logistical difficulties that could adversely affect deliveries. In addition, we could incur costs and expend resources in connection with such change, and fail to obtain terms as favorable as those we currently receive.
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    Disruptions at our distribution facilities or in our operations due to natural or man-made disasters, pandemics (such as COVID-19) or other disease outbreaks, fire, flooding, terrorism or other catastrophic events, system failure, labor disagreements or shipping problems may cause delays in the delivery of products to retailers.

Shortages or interruptions in the supply or delivery of our core ingredients, packaging and products could materially and adversely affect our operating results as we rely on a limited number of third-party suppliers to supply our core ingredients and a limited number of contract manufacturers to manufacture our products.

    The core ingredients used in manufacturing our products include soy, nuts, dairy, protein, fiber and cocoa. We rely on a limited number of third-party suppliers to provide these core ingredients, a portion of which are international companies. There may be a limited market supply of any of these core ingredients. Any disruption in supply could materially and adversely affect our business, particularly our profitability and margins. Events that adversely affect our suppliers could impair our ability to obtain core ingredient inventories in the quantities desired. Such events include problems with our suppliers’ businesses, finances, labor relations, ability to import core ingredients, costs, production, insurance, reputation and weather conditions during growing, harvesting or shipping, including flood, drought, frost and earthquakes, and man-made disasters or other catastrophic occurrences.

    Our financial performance depends largely on our ability to purchase core ingredients and packaging in sufficient quantities at competitive prices. We may not have continued supply, pricing or exclusive access to core ingredients and packaging from these sources. Any of our suppliers could discontinue or seek to alter their relationships with us. We may be adversely affected by increased demand for our specific core ingredients, a reduction in overall supply of required core ingredients, suppliers raising their prices, and increases in the cost of packaging and distributing core ingredients. Additionally, we may be adversely affected if suppliers stop selling to us or enter into arrangements that impair their abilities to provide us with core ingredients.

    We rely on a limited number of contract manufacturers to manufacture our products. If any of these manufacturers experience adverse effects on their businesses or cannot continue manufacturing our products at required levels, on a timely basis, or at all, we may be forced to seek other manufacturers. In addition, our contract manufacturers independently contract for and obtain some of the core ingredients in our products. If contract manufactures cannot obtain these core ingredients in the required amounts or at all, their ability to manufacture our products would be adversely affected. It could take a significant period of time to locate and qualify such alternative production sources. We may not be able to identify and qualify new manufacturers promptly that could allocate sufficient capacity to meet our requirements, which could adversely affect our ability to make timely deliveries of products. Furthermore, we may be unable to negotiate pricing or other terms with existing or new manufacturers as favorable as what we currently enjoy. In addition, there is no guarantee a new manufacturing partner could accurately replicate the production process and taste profile of the existing products.

    We are subject to risks associated with protection of our trade secrets by our third-party contract manufacturers. If our contract manufacturers fail to protect our trade secrets, either intentionally or unintentionally, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. If we experience significant increased demand for our products, or need to replace an existing supplier or manufacturer, additional supplies of core ingredients or manufacturers may not be available when required, on acceptable terms, or at all. Suppliers may not allocate sufficient capacity to meet our requirements, fill our orders promptly or meet our strict quality standards. Even if our existing suppliers and manufacturers can expand their capacities to meet our needs, or we can find new sources of core ingredients or new contract manufacturers, we may encounter delays in production, inconsistencies in quality and added costs. We may not be able to pass increased costs onto the consumer immediately, if at all, which may decrease or eliminate our profitability. Any manufacturing and/or supply disruptions or cost increases could have an adverse effect on our ability to meet consumer demand for our products and result in lower net sales and profitability, both in the short and long term.

    We rely in part on our third-party contract manufacturers to maintain the quality of our products. The failure or inability of contract manufacturers to comply with the specifications and requirements of our products could cause product recall, which could materially and adversely affect our reputation and subject us to significant liability should the consumption of any of our products cause or be claimed to cause illness or physical harm. Our products implicate risks such as product contamination, spoilage, product tampering, other adulteration, mislabeling and misbranding. We also license certain products that contain our brand and logo, but which are produced and distributed exclusively by third parties of whom we have limited control. In addition, we do not own our warehouse facilities, but they are managed for us by a third party.

    Under certain circumstances, we may be required to, or may voluntarily, recall or withdraw products. For example, in 2016, as part of a larger national recall by several other food companies, we incurred losses, including recalled product because of potential contamination from an ingredient supplied to one of our third-party manufacturers at their manufacturing center. While the contamination did not result in any consumer illness, and we were indemnified for a substantial portion of our direct product loss, the recall may have damaged the reputation for our Atkins brand. A widespread recall or withdrawal of any of ours or licensed products may negatively and significantly affect our sales and profitability and could cause significant losses depending on the costs of the recall, destruction of product inventory, reduction in product availability, and reaction of competitors and consumers.

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    We may be subject to claims or lawsuits, including class actions lawsuits (which could significantly increase any adverse settlements or rulings) or judgments, resulting in liability for actual or claimed injuries, illness or death. Any of these events could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. Whether or not a product liability claim or lawsuit is unsuccessful or is not fully pursued, the negative publicity surrounding any assertion that our products caused illness or physical harm could adversely affect our reputation with existing and potential consumers and our corporate and brand image. Moreover, claims or liabilities of this sort might not be covered by our insurance or by any rights of indemnity or contribution we may have against others. We maintain product liability insurance in an amount we believe to be adequate. However, we may incur claims or liabilities for which we are not insured or that exceed our insurance coverage. A product liability judgment against us or a product recall could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Ingredient and packaging costs are volatile and may rise significantly, which may negatively affect the profitability of our business.

    We negotiate the prices for large quantities of core ingredients, such as soy, nuts, dairy, protein, fiber and cocoa, and packaging materials. Several ingredients are manufactured in Canada. Costs of ingredients and packaging are volatile and can fluctuate due to conditions difficult to predict, including global competition for resources, fluctuations in currency and exchange rates, weather conditions, natural or man-made disasters, consumer demand and changes in governmental trade and agricultural programs. Continued volatility in the prices of the core ingredients and other supplies we purchase could increase our cost of goods sold and reduce our profitability.

    We do not use hedges for availability of any core ingredients. Any material upward movement in core ingredient pricing could negatively affect our margins if we cannot pass these costs on to our consumers, or our sales if we are forced to increase our prices. If we are unsuccessful in managing our ingredient and packaging costs, if we cannot increase our prices to cover increased costs or if such price increases reduce our sales volumes, then such increases in costs will materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

    Certain of our core ingredient contracts have minimum volume commitments that could require purchases without matching revenue during weaker sales periods. Future core ingredient prices may be effected by new laws or regulations, tariffs, suppliers’ allocations to other purchasers, interruptions in production by suppliers, natural disasters, volatility in the price of crude oil and related petrochemical products and changes in exchange rates.

Severe weather conditions and natural disasters such as fires, floods, droughts, hurricanes, earthquakes and tornadoes can affect crop supplies, manufacturing facilities and distribution activities, and negatively affect the operating results of our business.

    Severe weather conditions and natural disasters, such as fires, floods, droughts, frosts, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, insect infestations and plant disease, may affect the supply of core ingredients used to make food products, or may prevent the manufacturing or distribution of food products by third parties. Competing manufacturers might be affected differently by weather conditions and natural disasters, depending on the location of their sources of supplies and manufacturing or distribution facilities. If supplies of core ingredients available to us are reduced, we may not be able to find enough supplemental supply sources on favorable terms, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, because we rely on few contract manufacturers for a majority of our manufacturing needs and a single distribution warehouse for each of our key brands, adverse weather conditions could affect the ability for those third-party operators to manufacture and store our products.

If the perception of our brands or organizational reputation are damaged, our consumers, distributors and retailers may react negatively, which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

    We believe we have built our reputation on the efficacy of our nutritional approach, and the high-quality flavor and nutritional content of our food. We must protect and expand on the value of our brands to continue to be successful in the future. Any incident that erodes consumer affinity for our brands could significantly reduce our value and damage our business. For example, negative third-party reports regarding the Atkins or Quest nutritional approach or the quality of our food, whether accurate or not, may adversely affect consumer perceptions, which could cause the brand’s value to suffer and adversely affect our business. In addition, if we are forced, or voluntarily elect, to recall certain products, including frozen foods or licensed products over which we may not have full quality control, the public perception of the quality of our food may be diminished. We may also be adversely affected by news or other negative publicity, regardless of accuracy, regarding other aspects of our business, such as public health concerns, illness, safety, security breaches of confidential consumer or employee information, employee related claims relating to alleged employment discrimination, health care and benefit issues or government or industry findings about our retailers, distributors, manufacturers or others across the industry supply chain.

    As part of our marketing initiatives, we have contracted with certain public figures to market and endorse our products. While we maintain specific selection criteria and are diligent in our efforts to seek out public figures that resonate genuinely and effectively with our consumer audience, the individuals we choose to market and endorse our products may fall into negative favor with the general public. Because our consumers may associate the public figures that market and endorse our products with us, any negative publicity on behalf of
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such individuals may cause negative publicity about us and our products. This negative publicity could materially and adversely affect our brands and reputation and our revenue and profits.

Negative information, including inaccurate information, about us on social media may harm our reputation and brand, which could have a material and adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

    There has been a marked increase in the use of social media platforms and similar channels that provide individuals with access to a broad audience of consumers and other interested persons. The availability of information on social media platforms is virtually immediate, as is its effect. Many social media platforms immediately publish the content their subscribers and participants post, often without filters or checks on accuracy of the content posted. The opportunity for dissemination of information, including inaccurate information, is potentially limitless. Information about our business and/or products may be posted on such platforms at any time. Negative views regarding our products and the efficacy of the Atkins or Quest eating approaches have been posted on various social media platforms, may continue to be posted in the future, and are out of our control. Regardless of their accuracy or authenticity, such information and views may be adverse to our interests and may harm our reputation and brand. The harm may be immediate without affording an opportunity for redress or correction. Ultimately, the risks associated with any such negative publicity cannot be eliminated or completely mitigated and may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We must expend resources to maintain consumer awareness of our brands, build brand loyalty and generate interest in our products. Our marketing strategies and channels will evolve and our programs may or may not be successful.

    To remain competitive and expand and keep shelf placement for our products, we may need to increase our marketing and advertising spending to maintain and increase consumer awareness, protect and grow our existing market share or promote new products, which could affect our operating results. Substantial advertising and promotional expenditures may be required to maintain or improve our brand’s market position or to introduce new products to the market, and participants in our industry are increasingly engaging with non-traditional media, including consumer outreach through social media and web-based channels, which may not prove successful. An increase in our marketing and advertising efforts may not maintain our current reputation, or lead to increased brand awareness. Moreover, we may not maintain current awareness of our brand due to any potential fragmentation of our marketing efforts as we continue to focus on a low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich nutritional approach for everyday snacking consumers. In addition, we consistently evaluate our product lines to determine whether to discontinue certain products. Discontinuing product lines may increase our profitability but could reduce our sales and hurt our brands, and a reduction in sales of certain products could cause a reduction in sales of other products. The discontinuation of product lines may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

If we cannot maintain or increase prices, our margins may decrease.

    We rely in part on price increases to offset cost increases and improve the profitability of our business. Our ability to maintain prices or effectively implement price increases may be affected by several factors, including competition, effectiveness of our marketing programs, the continuing strength of our brand, market demand and general economic conditions, including inflationary pressures. During challenging economic times, consumers may be less willing or able to pay a price premium for our branded products and may shift purchases to lower-priced or other value offerings, making it more difficult for us to maintain prices and/or effectively implement price increases. In addition, our retail partners and distributors may pressure us to rescind price increases we have announced or already implemented, whether through a change in list price or increased promotional activity. If we cannot maintain or increase prices for our products or must increase promotional activity, our margins may be adversely affected. Furthermore, price increases generally result in volume losses, as consumers purchase fewer units. If such losses are greater than expected or if we lose distribution due to a price increase, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be materially and adversely affected.

We intend to grow through acquisitions or joint ventures and we may not successfully integrate, operate or realize the anticipated benefits of such business combinations.

    As part of our strategic initiatives, we intend to pursue acquisitions or joint ventures, such as our acquisition of Quest. Our acquisition strategy is based on identifying and acquiring brands with products that complement our existing products and identifying and acquiring brands in new categories and new geographies to expand our platform of nutritional snacks and potentially other food products. Although we regularly evaluate multiple acquisition candidates, we cannot be certain that we can successfully identify suitable acquisition candidates, negotiate acquisitions of identified candidates on favorable terms, or integrate acquisitions we complete.

    Acquisitions involve numerous risks and uncertainties, including intense competition for suitable acquisition targets, which could increase target prices and/or materially and adversely affect our ability to consummate deals on favorable terms, the potential unavailability of financial resources necessary to consummate acquisitions, the risk we improperly value and price a target, the potential inability to identify all of the risks and liabilities inherent in a target company or assets notwithstanding our diligence efforts, the diversion of management’s attention from the day-to-day operations of our business and additional strain on our existing personnel, increased leverage resulting from the additional debt financing that may be required to complete an acquisition, dilution of our net current book value per
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share if we issue additional equity securities to finance an acquisition, difficulties in identifying suitable acquisition targets or in completing any transactions identified on sufficiently favorable terms and the need to obtain regulatory or other governmental approvals that may be necessary to complete acquisitions.

    Any future acquisitions may pose risks associated with entry into new geographic markets, including outside the United States and our current international markets, distribution channels, lines of business or product categories, where we may not have significant prior experience and where we may not be as successful or profitable as we are in businesses and geographic regions where we have greater familiarity and brand recognition. Potential acquisitions may entail significant transaction costs and require significant management time and distraction from our core business, even where we cannot consummate or decide not to pursue a particular transaction.

    Besides the risks above, even when acquisitions are completed, integration of acquired entities can involve significant difficulties. These include failure to achieve financial or operating objectives regarding an acquisition, systems, operational and managerial controls and procedures, the need to modify systems or to add management resources, difficulties in the integration and retention of consumers or personnel and the integration and effective deployment of operations or technologies, amortization of acquired assets (which would reduce future reported earnings), possible adverse short-term effects on cash flows or operating results, integrating personnel with diverse backgrounds and organizational cultures, coordinating sales and marketing functions and failure to obtain and retain key personnel of an acquired business. Failure to manage these acquisition growth risks could have an adverse effect on our business.

We may not realize the expected benefits of the Quest acquisition we completed in November 2019, because of integration difficulties and other challenges.

    The success of the Quest acquisition will depend, in part, on our ability to realize all or some of the anticipated benefits from integrating Quest’s business with our existing businesses. The integration process may be complex, costly and time-consuming. The difficulties of integrating the operations of Quest’s business include, among others:

failure to implement our business plan for the combined business;
unanticipated issues in integrating co-manufacturing, logistics, information, communications and other systems;
possible inconsistencies in standards, controls, procedures and policies, and compensation structures between Quest’s structure and our structure;
failure to retain key employees, customers and suppliers;
unanticipated changes in applicable laws and regulations;
the complexities associated with integrating personnel from another company;
operating risks inherent in Quest’s business and our business;
diversion of management's attention from other business concerns;
increasing the scope, geographic diversity and complexity of our operations; and
unanticipated issues, expenses and liabilities.

    We may not be able to maintain the levels of revenue, earnings or operating efficiency that each company had achieved historically or might achieve separately. In addition, we may not accomplish the integration of Quest’s business smoothly, successfully or within the anticipated costs or time frame. If we experience difficulties with the integration process, the anticipated benefits of the acquisition may not be realized fully, or at all, or may take longer to realize than expected.

Our indebtedness could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and ability to operate our company, and we may incur additional debt.

    As of August 29, 2020, we had approximately $606.5 million in outstanding indebtedness and a revolving credit facility with availability of $75 million. Our current and future debt level and the terms of our debt arrangements could materially and adversely affect our financial condition and limit our ability to successfully implement our growth strategies. In addition, under the credit facilities governing our indebtedness, we have granted the lenders a security interest in substantially all of our assets, including the assets of our subsidiaries and an affiliate.

    Our ability to meet our debt service obligations will depend on our future performance, which will be affected by the other risk factors described herein. If we do not generate enough cash flow to pay our debt service obligations, we may have to refinance all or part
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of our existing debt, sell our assets, borrow more money or raise equity. We may not be able to take any of these actions timely, on terms satisfactory to us, or at all.

The credit facilities governing our debt arrangements contain financial and other covenants.

    The credit facilities governing our existing debt arrangements contain certain financial and other covenants. Our revolving credit facility has a maximum total net leverage ratio equal to or less than 6.25:1.00 (with a reduction to 6.00:1.00 on and after the third anniversary of the closing date of the credit facilities) contingent on credit extensions in excess of 30% of the total amount of commitments available under the revolving credit facility, and limitations on our ability to, among other things, incur and/or undertake asset sales and other dispositions, liens, indebtedness, certain acquisitions and investments, consolidations, mergers, reorganizations and other fundamental changes, payment of dividends and other distributions to equity and warrant holders, and prepayments of material subordinated debt, in each case, subject to customary exceptions materially consistent with credit facilities of such type and size. Any failure to comply with the restrictions of the credit facilities may cause an event of default. The credit facilities governing our existing debt arrangements bear interest at variable rates. If market interest rates increase, variable rate debt will create higher debt service requirements, which could materially and adversely affect our cash flow.

Changes in interest rates may adversely affect our earnings and/or cash flows.

    Our indebtedness under our revolving credit facility bears interest at variable interest rates that use the London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) as a benchmark rate. On July 27, 2017, the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”), which regulates LIBOR, announced that it intends to stop persuading or compelling banks to submit LIBOR quotations after 2021 (the “FCA Announcement”). The FCA announcement indicates that the continuation of LIBOR on the current basis cannot and will not be assured after 2021, and LIBOR may cease to exist or otherwise be unsuitable for use as a benchmark. Recent proposals for LIBOR reforms may cause the establishment of new methods of calculating LIBOR or the establishment of one or more alternative benchmark rates. Although our revolving credit facility provides for successor base rates, the successor base rates may be related to LIBOR, and the consequences of any potential cessation, modification or other reform of LIBOR cannot be predicted at this time. If LIBOR ceases to exist, we may need to amend our revolving credit facility, and we cannot predict what alternative interest rate(s) will be negotiated with our counterparties. As a result, our interest expense may increase, our ability to refinance some or all of our existing indebtedness may be affected and our available cash flow may be adversely affected.

All of our products must comply with regulations of the FDA and state and local regulations. Any non-compliance with the FDA or other applicable regulations could harm our business.

    Our products must comply with various FDA rules and regulations, including those regarding product manufacturing, food safety, required testing and appropriate labeling of our products. The FDA has not defined nutrient content claims regarding low carbohydrates, but has not objected to using net carbohydrate information on food labels if the label adequately explains how the term is used so it would not be false or misleading to consumers. The FDA requires all carbohydrates per serving to be listed on the Nutrition Facts Panel (“NFP”) of a package. Besides the information on the NFP, we use the term “net carbohydrate” (or “net carbs”) on our Atkins' packaging to assist consumers in tracking the carbohydrates in that serving of food that effect their blood sugar (glucose) levels. We determine the number of net carbs in a serving by subtracting fiber, and sugar alcohols if any, from the actual number of carbohydrates listed on the NFP. Fiber and sugar alcohols can be subtracted from the carbohydrates because they minimally effect blood sugar levels. It is possible that FDA regulations and/or their interpretations may change related to, for example, definitions of certain of our core ingredients, such as fiber, labeling requirements for describing other ingredients or nutrients, such as sugar alcohols or protein, or disclosures of any ingredient labeled as genetically modified (“GMO”). As such, there is a risk that our products could become non-compliant with the FDA’s regulations, and any such non-compliance could harm our business.

    In addition, if FDA or other regulations restrict us from labeling and marketing certain ingredients or product attributes, such as fiber or “net carb” count, we may not effectively reach our target demographics, promote what we believe to be the benefits of our products or communicate that our products are composed of what we consider to be low-carb, low-sugar and protein-rich ingredients.

    We must rely on the contract manufacturers we engage to produce our products to maintain compliance with applicable regulatory requirements. Although we require our contract manufacturers to be compliant with regulatory requirements, we do not have direct control over such facilities. Failure of our contract manufacturers to comply with applicable regulation could have a material and adverse effect on our business.

    Conflicts between state and federal law regarding definitions of our core ingredients, and labeling requirements, may lead to non-compliance with state and local regulations. For example, certain states may maintain narrower definitions of certain ingredients, and more stringent labeling requirements, of which we are unaware. Any non-compliance at the state or local level could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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Our advertising is regulated for accuracy, and if our advertising is determined to be false or misleading, we may face fines or sanctions.

    Our advertising is subject to regulation by the FTC under the Federal Trade Commission Act, which prohibits dissemination of false or misleading advertising. In addition, the National Advertising Division of the Council of Better Business Bureaus, Inc., which we refer to as NAD, administers a self-regulatory program of the advertising industry to ensure truth and accuracy in national advertising. NAD both monitors national advertising and entertains inquiries and challenges from competing companies and consumers. Should our advertising be determined to be false or misleading, we may have to pay damages, withdraw our campaign and possibly face fines or sanctions, which could have a material adverse effect on our sales and operating results.

Disruptions in the worldwide economy may materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

    Adverse and uncertain economic conditions, such as those caused by COVID-19, may affect distributor, retailer and consumer demand for our products. In addition, our ability to manage normal commercial relationships with our suppliers, contract manufacturers, distributors, retailers, consumers and creditors may suffer. Consumers may shift purchases to lower-priced or other perceived value offerings during economic downturns, making it more difficult to sell our premium products. Due to the relative costs of our products, during economic downturns, it may be more difficult to convince consumers to switch to or continue to use our brands or convince new users to choose our brands without expensive sampling programs and price promotions. In particular, consumers may reduce their purchases of products without GMOs, gluten or preservatives when there are conventional offerings of similar products, which generally have lower retail prices. In addition, consumers may choose to purchase private-label products rather than branded products because they are generally less expensive. Distributors and retailers may become more conservative in their ordering in response to these conditions and seek to reduce their inventories. Our results of operations depend on, among other things, our ability to maintain and increase sales volume with our existing distributors and retailers, to attract new consumers and to provide products that appeal to consumers at prices they are willing and able to pay. Prolonged unfavorable economic conditions may have an adverse effect on our sales and profitability.

Changes in the legal and regulatory environment could limit our business activities, increase our operating costs, reduce demand for our products or result in litigation.

    Elements of our business, including the production, storage, distribution, sale, display, advertising, marketing, labeling, health and safety practices, transportation and use of many of our products, are subject to various laws and regulations administered by federal, state and local governmental agencies in the United States, and the laws and regulations administered by government entities and agencies outside the United States in markets in which our products or components thereof, such as packaging, may be made, manufactured or sold. These laws, regulations and interpretations thereof may change, sometimes dramatically, because of a variety of factors, including political, economic or social events. Such factors may include changes in:
food and drug laws (including FDA regulations);
laws related to product labeling;
advertising and marketing laws and practices;
laws and programs restricting the sale and advertising of certain of our products;
laws and programs aimed at reducing, restricting or eliminating ingredients present in certain of our products;
laws and programs aimed at discouraging the consumption of products or ingredients or altering the package or portion size of certain of our products;
state consumer protection and disclosure laws;
taxation requirements, including the imposition or proposed imposition of new or increased taxes or other limitations on the sale of our products; competition laws;
anti-corruption laws, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended (the “FCPA”), and the UK Bribery Act of 2010 (the “Bribery Act”);
economic sanctions and anti-boycott laws, including laws administered by the U.S. Department of Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) and the European Union (“EU”);
laws relating to export, re-export, transfer, tariffs and import controls, including the Export Administration Regulations, the EU Dual Use Regulation and the customs and import laws administered by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection;
employment laws;
privacy laws;
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laws regulating the price we may charge for our products; and
farming and environmental laws.

    New laws, regulations or governmental policies and their related interpretations, or changes in any of the foregoing, including taxes, tariffs or other limitations on the sale of our products, ingredients in our products or commodities used in the production of our products, may alter the environment in which we do business and, therefore, may affect our operating results or increase our costs or liabilities. In addition, if we fail to adhere to such laws and regulations, we could be subject to regulatory investigations, civil or criminal sanctions, and class action litigation, which has increased in the industry in recent years.

Our geographic focus makes us particularly vulnerable to economic and other events and trends in North America.

    We operate mainly in North America and, therefore, are particularly susceptible to adverse regulations, economic climate, consumer trends, market fluctuations, including commodity price fluctuations or supply shortages of key ingredients, and other adverse events in North America. The concentration of our businesses in North America could present challenges and may increase the likelihood that an adverse event in North America would disproportionately materially and adversely affect product sales, financial condition and operating results.

Litigation or legal proceedings could expose us to significant liabilities and have a negative effect on our reputation.

    Occasionally, we may be party to various claims and litigation. We evaluate these claims and litigation to assess the likelihood of unfavorable outcomes and to estimate, if possible, potential losses. We may establish reserves, as appropriate based on the information available to management at the time. These assessments and estimates involve a significant amount of management judgment and may differ materially from actual outcomes.

    There is an additional risk that potential litigation may lead to adverse publicity, consumer confusion, distrust and additional legal challenges for us. Should we become subject to related or additional unforeseen lawsuits, including claims related to our products, labeling or advertising, which may vary under state and federal rules and regulations, consumers may avoid purchasing our products or seek alternative products, even if the basis for the claims against us is unfounded.

    Any consumer loss of confidence in the truthfulness of our labeling or ingredient claims would be difficult and costly to overcome and may significantly reduce our brand value. For example, publications and other third-party commentary may vary in opinion regarding calculations of net carbs and vary on approach to calculations of net carbs, which may lead to reports questioning the accuracy of our calculations and reporting the amount of net carbs contained in certain of our products. Uncertainty among consumers as to the nutritional content or the ingredients used in our products, regardless of the cause, may have an adverse effect on our brands, business, results of operations and financial condition.

We may not be able to adequately protect our intellectual property and other proprietary rights that are material to our business.

    Our ability to compete effectively depends in part upon protection of our rights in trademarks, trade dress, copyrights and other intellectual property rights we own or license. Our use of contractual provisions, confidentiality procedures and agreements, and trademark, copyright, unfair competition, trade secret and other laws to protect our intellectual property and other proprietary rights may not be adequate. We may not be able to preclude third parties from using our intellectual property regarding food or beverage products, and may not be able to leverage our branding beyond our current product offerings. In addition, our trademark or other intellectual property applications may not always be granted. Third parties may oppose our intellectual property applications, or otherwise challenge our use of trademarks or other intellectual property. Third parties may infringe, misappropriate, or otherwise violate our intellectual property. Changes in applicable laws could lessen or remove the current legal protections available for intellectual property. Any legal action we may bring to protect our brand and other intellectual property could be unsuccessful, result in substantial costs and could divert management’s attention from other business concerns. A successful claim of trademark, copyright or other intellectual property infringement, misappropriation, or other violation against us could prevent us from providing our products or services, or could require us to redesign or rebrand our products or packaging if we cannot license such third-party intellectual property on reasonable terms. Certain of our intellectual property licenses have fixed terms, and even for those that do not, we cannot guarantee that all of our intellectual property licenses will remain in effect indefinitely. Termination of intellectual property licenses granted by or to us could cause the loss of profits generated under such licenses. Any of the foregoing outcomes could materially and adversely harm our business, financial condition or results of our operations.

Any inadequacy, failure or interruption of our information technology systems may harm our ability to effectively operate our business, and our business is subject to online security risks, including security breaches and identity theft.

    We depend on various information technology systems, including our recently implemented integrated enterprise resource planning system and certain other automated management and accounting systems. A failure of our information technology systems to
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perform as we anticipate could disrupt our business. Our information technology systems may be vulnerable to damage or interruption from circumstances beyond our control, including natural disasters, terrorist attacks, telecommunications failures, computer viruses, hackers and other security issues. Despite safeguards we have implemented that are designed to prevent unauthorized access to our information technology systems, we cannot be certain that our information technology systems are free from vulnerability to security breaches (especially as the sophistication of cyber-security threats continues to increase), or from vulnerability to inadvertent disclosures of sensitive data by third parties or by us.

    Unauthorized users who penetrate our information security systems could misappropriate proprietary, employee, or consumer information. As a result, it may become necessary to expend additional amounts of capital and resources to protect against, or to alleviate, problems caused by unauthorized access. Data security breaches could cause damaged reputation with consumers and reduced demand for our products. Additional expenditures may not prove to be a timely remedy against breaches by unauthorized users who are able to penetrate our information security. Besides purposeful security breaches, the inadvertent transmission of computer viruses could adversely affect our computer systems and, in turn, harm our business.

    A significant number of states require that consumers be notified if a security breach results in disclosing their personal financial account or other information. Additional states and governmental entities are considering such “notice” laws. In addition, other public disclosure laws may require that material security breaches be reported. If we experience a security breach, and such notice or public disclosure is required in the future, our reputation and our business may be harmed.

    Except for limited information voluntarily submitted by users of our website, we typically do not collect or store consumer data or personal information. However, third-party providers, including our licensees, contract manufacturers, e-commerce contractors and third-party sellers may do so. The website operations of such third parties may be affected by reliance on other third-party hardware and software providers, technology changes, risks related to the failure of computer systems through which these website operations are conducted, telecommunications failures, data security breaches and similar disruptions. If we or our third-party providers fail to maintain or protect our respective information technology systems and data integrity effectively, fail to implement new systems, and/or update or expand existing systems or fail to anticipate, plan for or manage significant disruptions to systems involved in our operations, we could lose existing customers, have difficulty preventing, detecting, and controlling fraud, have disputes with customers, suppliers, distributors or others, and be subject to regulatory sanctions, including sanctions stemming from violations of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, and as a result, have increases in operating expenses.

If we cannot implement appropriate systems, procedures and controls, we may not be able to successfully offer our products, grow our business and account for transactions in an appropriate and timely manner.

    Our ability to successfully offer our products, grow our business and account for transactions in an appropriate and timely manner requires an effective planning and management process and certain other automated management and accounting systems. We recently implemented an integrated enterprise resource planning system and certain other automated management and accounting systems. We periodically update our operations and financial systems, procedures and controls; however; we still rely on certain manual processes and procedures that may not scale proportionately with our business growth. Our systems will continue to require automation, modifications and improvements to respond to current and future changes in our business. Failure to implement promptly appropriate internal systems, procedures and controls could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our insurance may not provide adequate levels of coverage against claims.

    We believe that we maintain insurance customary for businesses of our size and type. However, there are losses we may incur that cannot be insured against or that we believe are not economically reasonable to insure. Such losses could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Loss of our key executive officers or other personnel, or an inability to attract and retain such management and other personnel, could negatively affect our business.

    Our future success depends to a significant degree on the skills, experience and efforts of our key executive officers. Losing the services of any of these executives could materially and adversely affect our business and prospects, as we may not be able to find suitable individuals to replace them on a timely basis, if at all. Additionally, we also depend on our ability to attract and retain qualified personnel to operate and expand our business. If we fail to attract talented new employees, our business and results of operations could be negatively affected.

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We may need additional capital in the future, and it may not be available on acceptable terms or at all.

    We have historically relied upon cash generated by our operations to fund our operations and strategy. We may also need to access the debt and equity capital markets, however, these sources of financing may not be available on acceptable terms, or at all. Our ability to obtain additional financing will be subject to several factors, including market conditions, our operating performance, investor sentiment and our ability to incur additional debt in compliance with agreements governing our outstanding debt. These factors may make the timing, amount, terms or conditions of additional financing unattractive to us. If we cannot generate sufficient funds from operations or raise additional capital, our growth could be impeded.

We have incurred and will continue to incur significantly increased costs because of operating as a public company, and our management has been and will continue to be required to devote substantial time to compliance efforts. 

    We have incurred and expect to continue to incur significant legal, accounting, insurance and other expenses because of being a public company. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Customer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), and related rules implemented by the SEC, have required changes in corporate governance practices of public companies. In addition, rules that the SEC is implementing or is required to implement pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act are expected to require additional changes. Compliance with these and other similar laws, rules and regulations, including compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (“Section 404”), has and will continue to substantially increase expense, including our legal and accounting costs, and make some activities more time-consuming and costly. Our internal infrastructure may not be adequate to support our increased reporting obligations, and we may be unable to hire, train or retain necessary staff and may be reliant on engaging outside consultants or professionals to overcome our limited experience or employees which could adversely affect our business if our internal infrastructure is inadequate to fulfill our public company obligations. These laws, rules and regulations could also make it more expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance and we may be forced to accept reduced policy limits and coverage or incur substantially higher costs to obtain the same or similar coverage. These laws and regulations could also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified persons to serve on our board of directors, our board committees or as our executive officers. 

If we do not maintain effective internal control over financial reporting, we could fail to report our financial results accurately.

    Effective internal control over financial reporting is necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports. In the future, we may discover areas of our internal control over financial reporting that need improvement. Before the Business Combination, we had not historically documented our internal controls. If we identify a control deficiency that rises to the level of a material weakness in internal controls over financial reporting, our ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information timely and accurately may be adversely affected and, as a result, our financial statements may contain material misstatements or omissions. A material weakness is defined as a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. In addition, our internal financial and accounting team is leanly staffed, which can lead to inefficiencies regarding segregation of duties. If we fail to properly and efficiently maintain an effective internal control over financial reporting, we could fail to report our financial results accurately.

Changes in the value of our private placement warrants may have an adverse effect on our financial results and the market price for our common stock.

    On April 12, 2021, the staff of the SEC released a Staff Statement, which we refer to as the SEC Staff Statement, informing market participants that warrants issued by special purpose acquisition companies may require classification as a liability of the issuer measured at fair value, with changes in fair value each period reported in earnings. As a result of the SEC Staff Statement, we reevaluated the accounting treatment of our warrants, which had been classified as equity, and determined to reclassify our warrants issued through a private placement (the “Private Warrants”) as a liability measured at fair value, with changes in fair value each period reported in earnings. Due to the recurring fair value measurement, we expect to recognize non-cash gains or losses on the Private Warrants each reporting period. The amount of these quarterly gains or losses could be material, which may cause quarterly fluctuations in our consolidated financial statements and results of operations that may have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.

We have identified a material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting. If we are unable to develop and maintain an effective system of internal control over financial reporting, we may not be able to accurately report our financial results in a timely manner or prevent fraud, which may adversely affect investor confidence in our financial reporting and adversely affect our business and operating results and the market price for our common stock.

    On May 14, 2021, management and the audit committee of our board of directors determined that our previously issued fiscal quarterly and year-to-date unaudited consolidated financial statements for November 28, 2020 and February 27, 2021 included and our audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal years ending August 29, 2020, August 31, 2019 and August 25, 2018 should no longer be relied upon and would need to be restated. As part of the restatement process, we have identified a material weakness in our
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internal control over financial reporting related to the determination of the appropriate accounting and classification of our Private Warrants.

    A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of a company’s annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Effective internal controls are necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud. We have developed and are implementing a remediation plan to address the material weakness related to the accounting for warrants, as described in Part II, Item 9A. Controls and Procedures. These remediation measures may be time consuming and costly and there is no assurance that these initiatives will be completed in a timely manner or that the remedial measures we have taken to date, or any remedial measures we may take in the future, will be sufficient to avoid potential future material weaknesses. The material weakness will not be considered remediated until a sustained period of time has passed to allow management to test the design and operational effectiveness of the corrective actions.

    We may identify new material weaknesses in the future, which could limit our ability to prevent or detect a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements. The occurrence of, or failure to remediate, the material weakness we have identified or any other material weakness could result in our failure to maintain compliance with legal requirements, including Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and rules regarding timely filing of periodic reports, in addition to applicable stock exchange listing requirements, could cause investors to lose confidence in our financial reporting and could have an adverse effect on our the market price of our common stock.

The restatement of certain of our financial statements has subjected us to increased costs and may subject us to additional risks and uncertainties, including the increased possibility of legal proceedings.

    On May 14, 2021, management and the audit committee of our board of directors determined that our previously issued fiscal quarterly and year-to-date unaudited consolidated financial statements for November 28, 2020 and February 27, 2021 and our audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal years ending August 29, 2020, August 31, 2019 and August 25, 2018 should no longer be relied upon and would need to be restated. In addition, we determined that related press releases, earnings releases, and investor communications describing our financial statements for these periods should no longer be relied upon. The errors identified are non-cash and related to our classification of our Private Warrants. Accordingly, we restated the annual, quarterly and year-to-date audited and unaudited consolidated financial statements for these periods.

    In connection with the restatement, we identified a material weakness in our internal controls over financial reporting related to the determination of the appropriate accounting and classification of our Private Warrants. As a result of that material weakness, the restatement, the change in accounting for our Private Warrants, and other matters raised or that may in the future be raised by the SEC, we incurred increased accounting and legal costs and may become subject to additional risks and uncertainties, including, among others, the increased possibility of legal proceedings or a review by the SEC and other regulatory bodies. The costs of defending against such legal proceedings or administrative actions could be significant. In addition, we could face monetary judgments, penalties or other sanctions that could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition and could have an adverse effect on the market price of our common stock.

Our only significant asset is ownership of 100% of Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC and such ownership may not be sufficient to pay dividends or make distributions or loans to enable us to pay any dividends on our common stock or satisfy our other financial obligations.

    We have no direct operations and no significant assets other than the direct ownership of 100% of Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC. We currently depend on Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC for distributions, loans and other payments to generate the funds necessary to meet our financial obligations and to pay any dividends regarding our common stock. Legal and contractual restrictions in agreements governing our debt arrangements and future indebtedness of Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC, and the financial condition and operating requirements of Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC, may limit our ability to obtain funds in a timely manner from Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC. The earnings from, or other available assets of, Atkins Intermediate Holdings, LLC may not be sufficient to pay dividends, make distributions or loans to enable us to pay any dividends on our common stock, or satisfy our other financial obligations. 

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Our international operations expose us to regulatory, economic, political and social risks in the countries in which we operate.

    The international nature of our operations involves several risks, including changes in U.S. and foreign regulations, tariffs, taxes and exchange controls, economic downturns, inflation and political and social instability in the countries in which we operate and our dependence on foreign personnel. Moreover, although our products in our foreign operations typically mirror those in the United States, consumers outside the United States may have different tastes, preferences and nutritional approaches than U.S. consumers. Our international business is small compared to our U.S. business, and as a result, our operations are more spread out which can add to our costs and limit our ability to react effectively and timely to adverse events. We cannot be certain that we can enter and successfully compete in additional foreign markets or that we can continue to compete in the foreign markets in which we currently operate.

    Doing business outside the United States requires us to comply with the laws and regulations of the U.S. government and various foreign jurisdictions, which place restrictions on our operations, trade practices, partners and investment decisions. In particular, our operations are subject to U.S. and foreign anti-corruption and trade control laws and regulations, such as the FCPA or the Bribery Act, export controls and economic sanctions programs, including those administered by the OFAC and the EU. Because of doing business in foreign countries and with foreign partners, we are exposed to a heightened risk of violating anti-corruption and trade control laws and sanctions regulations. The FCPA prohibits us from providing anything of value to foreign officials for the purposes of obtaining or retaining business or securing any improper business advantage. In addition, the Bribery Act extends beyond bribery of foreign public officials and also applies to transactions with private persons. The provisions of the Bribery Act are also more onerous than the FCPA in several other respects, including jurisdictional reach, non-exemption of facilitation payments and, potentially, penalties.

    Our continued expansion outside the United States, including in developing countries, and our development of new partnerships and joint venture relationships worldwide, could increase the risk of FCPA, OFAC, Bribery Act or EU sanctions violations in the future. Violations of anti-corruption and trade control laws and sanctions regulations may cause reputational damage and are punishable by civil penalties, including fines, denial of export privileges, injunctions, asset seizures, debarment from government contracts and revocations or restrictions of licenses, and criminal fines and imprisonment.

    Finally, our business could be negatively affected by changes in the U.S. and Canadian political environments, in particular. We operate primarily in the U.S. and Canada and we ship a large number of products between the U.S. and Canada. Adverse changes to trade agreements, import or export regulations, customs duties or tariffs by either or both governments may have a negative effect on our business, financial conditions and results of operations.

Our international operations expose us to fluctuations in exchange rates, which may materially and adversely affect our operating results.

    We source large quantities of our core ingredients from foreign suppliers, and as a result, any material upward movement in foreign exchange rates relative to the U.S. dollar will adversely affect our profitability. Furthermore, the substantial majority of our revenue is generated domestically, while a substantial portion of our third-party manufacturing is completed in Canada. Any U.S. dollar weakness may therefore materially and adversely affect revenue and cash flows while also increasing supply and manufacturing costs.

Risks Related to the Company's Common Stock

Our stock price may be volatile.

    Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Capital Market (“Nasdaq”). The market price of our common stock has fluctuated in the past and could fluctuate substantially in the future, based on a variety of factors, including future announcements covering us or our key customers or competitors, government regulations, litigation, changes in earnings estimates by analysts, fluctuations in quarterly operating results or general conditions in our industry and may be exacerbated by there having historically been limited trading volume in our common stock. Furthermore, stock prices for many companies fluctuate widely for reasons that may be unrelated to their operating results. Those fluctuations and general economic, political and market conditions, such as recessions or international currency fluctuations and demand for our services, may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

We do not expect to declare any dividends in the foreseeable future.

    We do not anticipate declaring any cash dividends to holders of our common stock in the foreseeable future. Consequently, investors may need to rely on sales of their shares of common stock after the price has appreciated, which may never occur, as the only way to realize any future gains on their investment. Investors seeking cash dividends should not purchase our common stock.

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Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that, to the extent allowed by law, the doctrine of “corporate opportunity” does not apply with respect to the directors, officers, employees or representatives of Conyers Park Sponsor, LLC (“Conyers Park Sponsor) Centerview Capital Holdings LLC (“Centerview Capital”) and Centerview Partners and their respective affiliates, excepted as provided below.

    The doctrine of corporate opportunity generally provides that a corporate fiduciary may not develop an opportunity using corporate resources, acquire an interest adverse to that of the corporation or acquire property that is reasonably incident to the present or prospective business of the corporation or in which the corporation has a present or expectancy interest, unless that opportunity is first presented to the corporation and the corporation chooses not to pursue that opportunity. The doctrine of corporate opportunity is intended to preclude officers, directors or other fiduciaries from personally benefiting from opportunities that belong to the corporation. Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that, to the extent allowed by law, the doctrine of “corporate opportunity” does not apply with respect to the directors, officers, employees or representatives of Conyers Park Sponsor, Centerview Capital and Centerview Partners and their respective affiliates. The doctrine of corporate opportunity shall apply with respect to any of our directors or officers with respect to a corporate opportunity that was offered in writing to such person solely in his or her capacity as our director or officer and such opportunity is one which they are legally and contractually permitted to undertake and would otherwise be reasonable for us to pursue. Therefore, except as provided above, these parties have no duty to communicate or present corporate opportunities to us, and have the right to either hold any corporate opportunity for their (and their affiliates’) own account and benefit or to recommend, assign or otherwise transfer such corporate opportunity to persons other than us.

    As a result, certain of our stockholders, directors and their respective affiliates are not prohibited from operating or investing in competing businesses. We therefore may find ourselves in competition with certain of our stockholders, directors or their respective affiliates, and we may not know of, or be able to pursue, transactions that could potentially be beneficial to us. Accordingly, we may lose a corporate opportunity or suffer competitive harm, which could negatively affect our business or prospects.

If securities or industry analysts do not publish or cease publishing research or reports about us, our business, or our market, or if they change their recommendations regarding our common stock adversely, the price and trading volume of our common stock could decline.

    The trading market for our common stock is influenced by the research and reports that industry or securities analysts publish about us, our business, our market or our competitors. Securities and industry analysts may not publish or may cease publishing research on us. If securities or industry analysts cease coverage, our stock price and trading volume may be negatively affected. If any of the analysts who cover us change their recommendation regarding our stock adversely, or provide more favorable relative recommendations about our competitors, the price of our common stock may decline. If any analysts ceased coverage, or fail to regularly publish reports on our business, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which could cause our stock price or trading volume to decline.

There may be future sales or other dilution of the Company's equity, which may adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

    We are not generally restricted from issuing additional shares of common stock, or any securities convertible into or exchangeable for, or that represent the right to receive, shares of common stock. Issuing any additional shares of common stock or preferred shares or securities convertible into, exchangeable for or that represent the right to receive shares of common stock or the exercise of such securities could be substantially dilutive to holders of our common stock. Additionally, 6,700,000 warrants to purchase our common stock on a one-for-one basis for an exercise price of $11.50 per share are outstanding. To the extent such warrants are exercised, additional shares of our common stock will be issued, which will cause dilution to our existing stockholders and increase the number of shares eligible for resale in the public market. Sales of substantial numbers of such shares in the public market could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

    The market price of our common stock could decline because of sales of our common stock made in the future or the perception that such sales could occur. Because our decision to issue securities in any future offering will depend on market conditions and other factors beyond our control, we cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing or nature of future offerings, if any. Thus, our stockholders bear the risk of future offerings reducing the market price of our common stock and diluting their holdings in the Company.

The Company's board of directors may issue, without stockholder approval, preferred stock with rights and preferences superior to those applicable to our common stock.

    Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation includes a provision for the issuance of preferred stock, which may be issued in one or more series, with each series containing such rights and preferences as the board of directors may determine from time to time, without prior notice to or approval of stockholders. Among others, such rights and preferences might include the rights to dividends, liquidation preferences and rights to convert into common stock. The rights and preferences of any such series of preferred stock, if issued, may be superior to the rights and preferences applicable to the common stock and might cause a decrease in the price of our common stock.
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Anti-takeover provisions in our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and second amended and restated bylaws, and provisions of Delaware law, could impair a takeover attempt. 

    Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and second amended and restated bylaws contain provisions that may discourage unsolicited takeover proposals that stockholders may consider to be in their best interests. We are also subject to anti-takeover provisions under Delaware law, which could delay or prevent a change of control. Together these provisions may make the removal of management more difficult and may discourage transactions that otherwise could involve payment of a premium over prevailing market prices for our securities. These provisions include:

no cumulative voting in the election of directors, which limits the ability of minority stockholders to elect director candidates;
the right of our board of directors to elect a director to fill a vacancy created by the expansion of the board of directors or the resignation, death, or removal of a director in certain circumstances, which prevents stockholders from filling vacancies on our board of directors;
the ability of our board of directors to determine whether to issue shares of our preferred stock and to determine the price and other terms of those shares, including preferences and voting rights, without stockholder approval, which could be used to significantly dilute the ownership of a hostile acquirer;
a prohibition on stockholder action by written consent, which forces stockholder action to be taken at an annual or special meeting of our stockholders;
a prohibition on stockholders calling a special meeting, which forces stockholder action to be taken at an annual meeting of our stockholders or at a special meeting of our stockholders called by the chairman of the board or the chief executive officer pursuant to a resolution adopted by a majority of the board of directors;
the requirement that a meeting of stockholders may be called only by the board of directors, which may delay the ability of our stockholders to force consideration of a proposal or to take action, including the removal of directors;
providing that directors may be removed prior to the expiration of their terms by stockholders only for cause and upon the affirmative vote of a majority of the voting power of all outstanding shares of the combined company; and,
advance notice procedures that stockholders must comply with in order to nominate candidates to our board of directors or to propose matters to be acted upon at a stockholders’ meeting, which may discourage or deter a potential acquirer from conducting a solicitation of proxies to elect the acquirer’s own slate of directors or otherwise attempting to obtain control of the Company.


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PART II

Item 6. Selected Financial Data (As Restated)

    Simply Good Foods was formed on March 30, 2017, to consummate the Business Combination between Conyers Park and Atkins, which occurred on July 7, 2017 (the “Closing Date”). Conyers Park, a special purpose acquisition company, was formed in 2016 for the purpose of effecting a merger, capital stock exchange, asset acquisition, stock purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses.

    As a result of the Business Combination that occurred in July of 2017, Simply Good Foods is the acquirer, and for accounting purposes the "Successor." Atkins is the acquiree and accounting "Predecessor." Our financial statement presentation includes the financial statements of Atkins as “Predecessor” for periods prior to the Closing Date and of Simply Good Foods for periods after the Closing Date, including the consolidation of Atkins. The historical financial information of Conyers Park, prior to the Business Combination, are not reflected in the Predecessor financial statements as those amounts are considered de minimis. As a result of the application of the acquisition method of accounting, the financial statements, the Predecessor period and the Successor period are presented on a different basis of accounting and are therefore not comparable.

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The following table sets forth selected historical financial information derived from the audited financial statements. The following selected financial information should be read in conjunction with “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes in “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.” Amounts presented are restated based on the discussion above. See Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Amendment for additional information on the restatement and the related financial statement effects.
2020
(As Restated)
2019
(As Restated)
2018
(As Restated)
2017
(As Restated)
20172016
52-Weeks Ended53-Weeks Ended52-Weeks EndedFrom July 7, 2017
through August 26, 2017
From August 28, 2016
through July 6, 2017
52-weeks ended
August 29, 2020August 31, 2019August 25, 2018August 27, 2016
(In thousands)(Successor)(Successor)(Successor)(Successor)(Predecessor)(Predecessor)
Net sales$816,641 $523,758 $437,854 $49,534 $339,837 $427,858 
Cost of goods sold (1)
492,313 306,075 254,966 35,584 200,026 248,464 
Gross profit324,328 217,683 182,888 13,950 139,811 179,394 
Operating Expenses:
Distribution (1)
— — — — — 18,489 
Selling and marketing (2)
94,469 67,694 59,186 6,637 47,494 56,264 
General and administrative (1)
106,251 62,180 49,427 6,969 34,567 48,503 
Depreciation and amortization (1)
15,259 7,496 7,498 985 8,409 10,179 
Business transaction costs27,125 7,107 2,259 — 25,608 — 
Loss on impairment3,000 — — — — 
Loss (gain) in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability— 533 (2,848)— — — 
Total operating expenses246,104 145,010 115,522 14,591 116,078 133,435 
Income from operations78,224 72,673 67,366 (641)23,733 45,959 
Other income (expense):
Change in warrant liabilities— — — — 722 (722)
Interest income1,516 3,826 — — — — 
Interest expense(32,813)(13,627)(12,551)(1,662)(22,724)(27,195)
Gain (loss) in fair value change of warrant liability30,938 (72,673)(34,391)720 — — 
Gain on settlement of TRA liability— 1,534 — — — — 
Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions658 (452)97 513 133 (619)
Other income441 196 815 30 221 118 
Total other expense740 (81,196)(46,030)(399)(21,648)(28,418)
Income before income taxes78,964 (8,523)21,336 (1,040)2,085 17,541 
Income tax (benefit) expense13,326 16,711 (16,050)(985)4,570 7,507 
Net income (loss)$65,638 $(25,234)$37,386 $(55)$(2,485)$10,034 
Earnings (loss) per share:
Basic$0.70 $(0.31)$0.53 $— 
Diluted$0.35 $(0.31)$0.51 $— 
Balance Sheet Data (at end of periods)
Total assets$2,008,445 $1,141,650 $974,324 $919,288 $344,867 $389,512 
Long-term debt, less current maturities596,879 190,259 190,935 191,856 281,445 321,638 
Warrant liability93,638 124,576 51,903 17,512 — — 
Predecessor warrant liabilities— — — — 15,000 15,722 
Stockholders’ equity (deficit)1,139,333 712,868 620,795 579,965 (28,027)(27,834)
(1)
During the fifty-three weeks ended August 31, 2019, certain reclassifications were made to previously reported amounts to conform to the current presentation. On the consolidated statement of operations, outbound freight previously included in distribution, distribution center expenses previously included in General and administrative, and depreciation for equipment used in warehouse operations were reclassified to Cost of goods sold. 2019, 2018 and 2017 reflect adjusted amounts in accordance with this accounting principle change. See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements included herein for additional information on the accounting principle change.
(2)During the fifty-three weeks ended August 31, 2019, the Company combined Selling and Marketing within one financial statement line. All periods presented reflect this change.
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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

    The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes included in Item 8 of this Amendment. Amounts throughout this discussion and analysis have been restated as discussed above. See Note 2, Restatement of Previously Issued Consolidated Financial Statements, in Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Amendment for additional information. In addition to historical information, the following discussion contains forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, statements regarding the Company’s expectation for future performance, liquidity and capital resources that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company's expectations. The Company's actual results may differ materially from those contained in or implied by any forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause such differences include those identified below and those described in “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements,” and in Item 1A “Risk Factors” of this Report. The Company assumes no obligation to update any of these forward-looking statements.

    Our fiscal year ends the last Saturday in August. Our fiscal years 2020 and 2018 ended August 29, 2020 and August 25, 2018, respectively, and were each fifty-two week periods. Our fiscal year 2019 ended August 31, 2019 was a fifty-three week period. Our fiscal quarters are comprised of thirteen weeks each, except for fifty-three week fiscal periods for the which the fourth quarter is comprised of fourteen weeks, and end on the thirteenth Saturday of each quarter (fourteenth Saturday of the fourth quarter, when applicable). Our fiscal quarters for fiscal 2020 ended on November 30, 2019, February 29, 2020, May 30, 2020 and August 29, 2020.

    Unless the context requires otherwise in this Report, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” and “Simply Good Foods” refer to The Simply Good Foods Company and its subsidiaries.

Overview

    The Simply Good Foods Company is a consumer packaged food and beverage company that aims to lead the nutritious snacking movement with trusted brands that offer a variety of convenient, innovative, great-tasting, better-for-you snacks and meal replacements. Our nutritious snacking platform consists of the following core brands that specialize in providing products for consumers that follow certain nutritional philosophies, dietary approaches and/or health-and-wellness trends: Atkins® for those following a low-carb lifestyle; and Quest® for consumers seeking to partner with a brand that makes the foods they crave work for them, not against them, through a variety of protein-rich foods and beverages that also limit sugars and simple carbs. We distribute our products in major retail channels, primarily in North America, including grocery, club and mass merchandise, as well as through e-commerce, convenience, specialty and other channels. Our portfolio of nutritious snacking brands gives us a strong platform with which to introduce new products, expand distribution, and attract new consumers to our products. Our platform also positions us to continue to selectively pursue acquisition opportunities of brands in the nutritious snacking category.

    To that end, in November 2019, we completed the acquisition of Quest Nutrition, LLC (“Quest”), a healthy lifestyle food company, for a cash purchase price of approximately $1.0 billion (subject to customary adjustments) (the “Acquisition of Quest”). For more information, please see “Liquidity and Capital Resources-Acquisition of Quest.”

    Effective September 24, 2020, we sold the assets exclusively related to our SimplyProtein® brand of products for approximately $8.8 million of consideration, including cash of $5.8 million and a note receivable for $3.0 million, to a newly formed entity led by our Canadian-based management team who had been responsible for this brand prior to the sale transaction. In addition to purchasing these assets, the buyer assumed certain liabilities related to the SimplyProtein brand’s business. The transaction enables management to focus its full time and our resources on its core Atkins® and Quest® branded businesses and other strategic initiatives.

Effects of COVID-19

    In December 2019, a novel coronavirus disease, or COVID-19, was reported and in January 2020, the World Health Organization, or WHO, declared it a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. On February 28, 2020, the WHO raised its assessment of the COVID-19 threat from high to very high at a global level due to the continued increase in the number of cases and affected countries, and on March 11, 2020, the WHO characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic. On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act was signed into law. The CARES Act provided a substantial stimulus and assistance package intended to address the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic, including tax relief and government loans, grants and investments. Additionally, various federal, state and local government-imposed movement restrictions and initiatives have been implemented to reduce the global transmission of COVID-19, including reduced or eliminated food services, the closure of retailing establishments, the promotion of social distancing and the adoption of remote working policies.

    During the third quarter of 2020, we actively engaged with the various elements of our value chain, including our customers, contract manufacturers, and logistics and transportation providers, to meet demand for our products and to remain informed of any challenges within our value chain. Given the unpredictable nature of the COVID-19 pandemic and the initial surge in consumption, we
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increased finished goods inventory of some of our key products. Based on information available to us as of the end of our fiscal year, we believe we will be able to deliver our products to meet customer orders on a timely basis, and therefore, we expect our products will continue to be available for purchase to meet consumer meal replacement and snacking needs for the foreseeable future. We continue to monitor customer and consumer demand, and intend to adapt our plans as needed to continue to drive our business and meet our obligations during the evolving COVID-19 situation.

    Additionally, in March 2020, we borrowed $25.0 million under our $75.0 million revolving credit facility, as a precautionary measure to ensure ample financial flexibility in light of the spread of COVID-19 and the initial surge in demand. The Company used the proceeds of the Revolving Credit Facility to meet initial elevated customer orders, build finished goods inventory of some of our high velocity items, to support working capital and to support general corporate purposes. Based on that assessment of our sources of liquidity and capital, which included strong realized cash flow from operations and no material collectability concerns regarding our customers' ability to pay, the $25.0 million borrowing under the revolving credit facility was fully repaid in June 2020.

    We implemented remote work arrangements and restricted business travel in mid-March, and to date, these arrangements have not materially affected our ability to maintain our business operations, including the operation of financial reporting systems, internal control over financial reporting, and disclosure controls and procedures. We believe our lean infrastructure, which allows for significant flexibility, speed-to-market and minimal capital investment, has enabled us to adjust our expenditures to maintain cash flow until the more fulsome reopening of the U.S. economy and the associated return of shopping behavior to more normal patterns and our brand benefits of active nutrition and weight management drive more better-for-you snacking and meal replacement usage occasions.

    Our consolidated results of operations for the full fiscal year ended August 29, 2020 were affected by changes in consumer shopping and consumption behavior due to COVID-19. After the brief pantry loading period in mid-March 2020, the nutritional snacking category saw a marked decrease in shopping trips (particularly in the mass channel) and fewer usage occasions. This affected our portable and convenient on-the-go products, especially the nutrition and protein bar portion of our business for both our Atkins and Quest brands. As home confinement restrictions began to ease, shopping trips steadily improved from their lowest point and consumer interest in weight management and active nutrition began to improve.
    During the fourth fiscal quarter of 2020, the improvement in category trends plateaued. While our Quest brand has outperformed its portion of the nutritious snaking segment, the performance of our Atkins brand, which is part of the weight management portion of the market, has remained slower due to the temporary softer interest in weight management for consumers, fewer on-the-go usage occasions and weakness in the mass channel that has experienced reduced shopper traffic during the pandemic.

    Based on the duration and severity of economic effects from the COVID-19 pandemic, including but not limited to stock market volatility, the potential for (i) continued increased rates of reported cases of COVID-19, (ii) unexpected supply chain disruptions, (iii) changes to customer operations, (iv) continued or additional changes in consumer purchasing and consumption behavior beyond those evidenced to date, and (v) the closure of customer establishments, we remain uncertain of the ultimate effect COVID-19 could have on our business. We also believe the COVID-19 uncertainty will continue during our 2021 fiscal year.

    Please also see the information under Item 1A. “Risk Factors” for additional information regarding the risks of pandemics, such as COVID-19.

Restructuring and Related Charges

    In May 2020, we announced certain restructuring activities in conjunction with the implementation of our future-state organization design, which creates a fully integrated organization with our completed Acquisition of Quest. The new organization design became effective on August 31, 2020. These restructuring plans primarily include workforce reductions and changes in management structure.

    For the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020, we incurred $5.5 million of costs for these restructuring activities which have been included within General and administrative on the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss). Overall, we expect to incur a total of approximately $8.1 million in restructuring costs, including the $5.5 million referenced above. The one-time termination benefits and employee severance costs are to be paid throughout fiscal 2021 and the first quarter of fiscal 2022. As of August 29, 2020, the outstanding restructuring liability was $4.1 million. Refer to Note 19, Restructuring and Related Charges, of our Consolidated Financial Statements included herein for additional information regarding restructuring activities.

Change in Accounting Principle

    During the fourth quarter ended August 31, 2019, we changed our accounting principle related to the presentation of third-party delivery costs associated with shipping and handling activities previously included as operating expenses in Distribution in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss). We now present these expenses within Cost of goods sold in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss).
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    In connection with the change in accounting principle, we also changed our definition of shipping and handling costs to include costs paid to third-party warehouse operators associated with delivering product to a customer, previously included in General and administrative, and Depreciation and amortization of the assets at the third-party warehouse, previously included in Depreciation and amortization. Under the previous definition of shipping and handling costs, we only included delivery costs in Distribution.

    The accounting policy change was applied retrospectively to all periods presented and the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) reflect the effect of this accounting principle change for all periods presented. Specifically, amounts presented for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018 have been adjusted in accordance with this accounting principle change. Refer to Note 3, Change in Accounting Principle, of our Consolidated Financial Statements included herein for additional information on the accounting principle change.

Change in Fair Value of Warrant Liability

    During the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020, the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019, and the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018, there were fluctuations in the fair value of our liability-classified private warrants (“Private Warrants”). These fluctuations created significant gains and losses on the remeasurement of our Private Warrants which are recognized as a liability measured at fair value on our Consolidated Balance Sheets. These remeasurements are recognized as Gain (loss) in fair value change of warrant liability on our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss).

Our Reportable Segment

    Following the Acquisition of Quest, our operations are organized into two operating segments, Atkins and Quest, which are aggregated into one reporting segment, due to similar financial, economic and operating characteristics. The operating segments are also similar in the following areas: (a) the nature of the products; (b) the nature of the production processes; (c) the methods used to distribute products to customers, (d) the type of customer for the products, and (e) the nature of the regulatory environment. The recently announced restructuring and new organization design creates an efficient and fully integrated organization that will continue to support and build multi-category nutritional snacking brands.

Key Financial Definitions

    Net sales. Net sales consists primarily of product sales less the cost of promotional activities, slotting fees and other sales credits and adjustments, including product returns.

    Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold consists primarily of the costs we pay to our contract manufacturing partners to produce the products sold. These costs include the purchase of raw ingredients, packaging, shipping and handling, warehousing, depreciation of warehouse equipment, and a tolling charge for the contract manufacturer. Cost of goods sold includes products provided at no charge as part of promotions and the non-food materials provided with customer orders.

    Operating expenses. Operating expenses consist primarily of selling and marketing, general and administrative, depreciation and amortization, and business transaction costs. The following is a brief description of the components of operating expenses:

Selling and marketing. Selling and marketing expenses are comprised of broker commissions, customer marketing, media and other marketing costs.

General and administrative. General and administrative expenses are comprised of expenses associated with corporate and administrative functions that support our business, including employee salaries, professional services, integration costs, restructuring costs, insurance and other general corporate expenses.

Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization costs consist of costs associated with the depreciation of fixed assets and capitalized leasehold improvements and amortization of intangible assets.

Business transaction costs. Business transaction costs are comprised of legal, due diligence, consulting and accounting firm expenses associated with the process of actively pursuing potential and completed business combinations, including the Acquisition of Quest.

Loss on impairment. Loss on impairment consist of impairment charges related to our brand intangible asset.

Loss (gain) in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability. Loss or gain in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability charges relate to fair value adjustments of the Tax Receivable Agreement (the “TRA”) liability.
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Results of Operations

    In assessing the performance of our business, we consider a number of key performance indicators used by management and typically used by our competitors, including the non-GAAP measures of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share. Because not all companies use identical calculations, this presentation of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures of other companies. See “Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA” below for a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income for each applicable period. See “Reconciliation of Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share” below for a reconciliation of Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share to diluted earnings per share for each applicable period.

Comparison of Results for the Fifty-Two Weeks Ended August 29, 2020 and the Fifty-Three Weeks Ended August 31, 2019

The following table presents, for the periods indicated, selected information from our consolidated financial results, including information presented as a percentage of net sales:
(As Restated)
53-Weeks Ended% of Sales52-Weeks Ended% of Sales
(In thousands)August 29, 2020August 31, 2019
Net sales$816,641 100.0 %$523,758 100.0 %
Cost of goods sold492,313 60.3 %306,075 58.4 %
Gross profit324,328 39.7 %217,683 41.6 %
Operating expenses:
Selling and marketing94,469 11.6 %67,694 12.9 %
General and administrative106,251 13.0 %62,180 11.9 %
Depreciation and amortization15,259 1.9 %7,496 1.4 %
Business transaction costs27,125 3.3 %7,107 1.4 %
Loss on impairment3,000 0.4 %— — %
Loss in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability— — %533 0.1 %
Total operating expenses246,104 30.1 %145,010 27.7 %
Income from operations78,224 9.6 %72,673 13.9 %
Other income (expense):
Interest income1,516 0.2 %3,826 0.7 %
Interest expense(32,813)(4.0)%(13,627)(2.6)%
Gain (loss) in fair value change of warrant liability30,938 3.8 %(72,673)(13.9)%
Gain on settlement of TRA liability— — %1,534 0.3 %
Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions658 0.1 %(452)(0.1)%
Other income441 0.1 %196 — %
Total other income (expense)740 0.1 %(81,196)(15.5)%
Income (loss) before income taxes78,964 9.7 %(8,523)(1.6)%
Income tax expense13,326 1.6 %16,711 3.2 %
Net income (loss)$65,638 8.0 %$(25,234)(4.8)%
Other financial data:
Adjusted EBITDA(1)
$153,912 18.8 %$98,583 18.8 %
(1)Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial metric. See “Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA” below for a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income for each applicable period.

    Net sales. Net sales of $816.6 million represented an increase of $292.9 million, or 55.9%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The net sales increase of 55.9% was primarily attributable to the Acquisition of Quest, which drove 54.8% of the increase. Atkins brand net sales increased 1.2% driven by solid e-
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commerce sales growth, partially offset by higher trade promotions, the approximately 2.0% of additional contribution to full year sales growth related to the fifty-third week in the prior year period, and the effects of COVID-19 related movement restrictions and stay-at-home orders which resulted in lower on-the-go and away-from-home usage occasions for our products.

    Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold increased $186.2 million, or 60.8%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The cost of goods sold increase was driven by sales volume growth primarily attributable to the Acquisition of Quest, and the effect of the non-cash $7.5 million inventory step-up charge related to the Acquisition of Quest.

    Gross profit. Gross profit increased $106.6 million, or 49.0%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. Gross profit decreased 190 basis points from 41.6% of net sales for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 to 39.7% of net sales for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020. The decrease in gross margin was primarily the result of the non-cash $7.5 million inventory step-up charge and slightly lower gross profit margins of the Quest business.

    Operating expenses. Operating expenses increased $101.1 million, or 69.7%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 due to the following:

Selling and marketing. Selling and marketing expenses increased $26.8 million, or 39.6%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The increase was primarily related to the Acquisition of Quest of $25.9 million and an increase in e-commerce marketing investments of $1.3 million.

General and administrative. General and administrative expenses increased $44.1 million, or 70.9%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to the Acquisition of Quest of $40.8 million, Quest integration related costs of $10.7 million, restructuring charges of $5.5 million, and an increase in stock-based compensation expense of $2.1 million. These increases were partially offset by reduced Atkins brand general and administrative expenses primarily due to lower incentive compensation.

Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization expenses increased $7.8 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The increase was primarily due to amortization for the intangible assets recognized in the Acquisition of Quest of $6.9 million.

Business transaction costs. Business transaction costs increased $20.0 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The $27.1 million incurred in the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 was comprised of expenses related to the Acquisition of Quest. The $7.1 million recorded in the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 was comprised of both expenses relating to the Acquisition of Quest and other business development activities.

Loss on impairment. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, we determined there were indicators of impairment related to the SimplyProtein brand intangible asset. After performing a quantitative assessment of the brand intangible asset, which indicated its fair value exceeded its carrying value, we recorded a loss on impairment of $3.0 million in the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020.

Loss in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability. The fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 included a loss in fair value change of contingent consideration of $0.5 million. The Income Tax Receivable Agreement (the “TRA”) liability was settled in full in the first quarter of fiscal 2019.

    Interest income. Interest income decreased $2.3 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 primarily due to $195.3 million of cash on hand being utilized for the Acquisition of Quest in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020.

    Interest expense. Interest expense increased $19.2 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 primarily due to first quarter term loan funding of $460.0 million to partially finance the Acquisition of Quest.

    Gain (loss) in fair value change of warrant liability. During the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 and the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019, we recorded a $30.9 million gain and a $72.7 million loss, respectively, related to the change in fair value of our liability-classified Private Warrants, primarily due to movements in our stock price.


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    Gain on settlement of TRA liability. We recorded a $1.5 million gain in connection with the settlement of the TRA liability in the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The TRA settlement is discussed in Note 11, Income Taxes, of our Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Amendment.

    Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions. A gain of $0.7 million in foreign currency transactions was recorded for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to a foreign currency loss of $0.5 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The variance relates to changes in foreign currency rates related to our international operations.

    Income tax expense. Income tax expense decreased $3.4 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The decrease in our income tax expense was primarily driven by lower pre-tax book income, offset by the tax effects of foreign earnings and the one-time tax effect of the settlement of the TRA liability during the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019, and other permanent differences.

    Net income (loss). Net income was $65.6 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020, an increase of $90.9 million, compared to a net loss of $25.2 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019.

    Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA increased $55.3 million, or 56.1%, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The increase was primarily due to the Acquisition of Quest and modest volume growth on the Atkins brand. For a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to its most directly comparable GAAP measure, see “Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA” below.

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Comparison of Results for the Fifty-Three Weeks Ended August 31, 2019 and the Fifty-Two Weeks Ended August 25, 2018

The following table presents, for the periods indicated, selected information from our consolidated financial results, including information presented as a percentage of net sales:
(As Restated)
52-Weeks Ended% of Sales52-Weeks Ended% of Sales
(In thousands)August 31, 2019August 25, 2018
Net sales$523,758 100.0 %$437,854 100.0 %
Cost of goods sold (1)
306,075 58.4 %254,966 58.2 %
Gross profit217,683 41.6 %182,888 41.8 %
Operating expenses:
Selling and marketing (2)
67,694 12.9 %59,186 13.5 %
General and administrative (1)
62,180 11.9 %49,427 11.3 %
Depreciation and amortization (1)
7,496 1.4 %7,498 1.7 %
Business transaction costs7,107 1.4 %2,259 0.5 %
Loss (gain) in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability533 0.1 %(2,848)(0.7)%
Total operating expenses145,010 27.7 %115,522 26.4 %
Income from operations72,673 13.9 %67,366 15.4 %
Other income (expense):
Interest income3,826 0.7 %— — %
Interest expense(13,627)(2.6)%(12,551)(2.9)%
Gain (loss) in fair value change of warrant liability(72,673)(13.9)%(34,391)(7.9)%
Gain on settlement of TRA liability1,534 0.3 %— — %
(Loss) gain on foreign currency transactions(452)(0.1)%97 — %
Other income196 — %815 0.2 %
Total other expense(81,196)(15.5)%(46,030)(10.5)%
(Loss) income before income taxes(8,523)(1.6)%21,336 4.9 %
Income tax expense (benefit)16,711 3.2 %(16,050)(3.7)%
Net (loss) income$(25,234)(4.8)%$37,386 8.5 %
Other financial data:
Adjusted EBITDA(3)
$98,583 18.8 %$81,238 18.6 %
(1)
During the fifty-three weeks ended August 31, 2019, certain reclassifications were made to previously reported amounts to conform to the current presentation. On the consolidated statement of operations, outbound freight previously included in Distribution, distribution center expenses previously included in General and administrative, and depreciation for equipment used in warehouse operations were reclassified to Cost of goods sold. Fiscal year 2018 reflects adjusted amounts in accordance with this accounting principle change. See Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements included herein for additional information on the accounting principle change.
(2)During the fifty-three weeks ended August 31, 2019, the Company combined Selling and Marketing within one financial statement line. Fiscal year 2018 reflects adjusted amounts.
(3)Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial metric. See “Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA” below for a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income for each applicable period.

    Net sales. Net sales for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 were $523.8 million compared to $437.9 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018. The net sales increase of 19.6% was driven by volume growth. Net price realization was a slight benefit, partially offset by a shift in non-price related customer activity. The fifty-third week of fiscal 2019 was a 1.8% contribution to full year sales growth.

    Cost of goods sold. Cost of goods sold for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 were $306.1 million compared to $255.0 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018. The cost of goods sold increase was driven by sales volume growth and increased distribution center expenses. These increases were partially offset by logistics efficiencies.

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    Gross profit. Gross profit decreased 20 basis points from 41.8% of net sales for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018 to 41.6% of net sales for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. Gross margin was affected by non-price related customer activity that was a shift from selling and marketing expenses.

    Operating expenses. Operating expenses for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 were $145.0 million, or 27.7% of net sales, compared to $115.5 million, or 26.4% of net sales, for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018 due to the following:

Selling and marketing. Selling and marketing expenses increased $8.5 million, or 14.4%, for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 compared to the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018. The increase was primarily due to an increase in television media and e-commerce investments, offset by a shift in non-price related customer activity.

General and administrative. General and administrative expenses increased $12.8 million, or 25.8%, for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 compared to the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018. The increase was primarily due to higher incentive compensation of $5.3 million, internal resource investments of $3.3 million, and a legal settlement of $3.5 million.

Depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization expenses for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 were flat compared to the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018.

Business transaction costs. Business transaction costs increased $4.8 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 compared to the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018. The increase was primarily due to the Acquisition of Quest, which was pending at the end of the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The $2.3 million recorded in the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018 was comprised of expenses related to business development activities.

Loss (gain) in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability. The fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 included a loss in fair value change of contingent consideration of $0.5 million. The $2.8 million gain in the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018 reflected the effect of the change in tax law in the prior year.

    Interest income. Interest income increased $3.8 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 compared to the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018 due to our increased cash balance resulting from warrant exercises during the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 and an increase in market interest rates.

    Interest expense. Interest expense for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 was $13.6 million compared to $12.6 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018, and the increase was due to the changes in market interest rates.

    Gain (loss) in fair value change of warrant liability. During the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 and the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018, we recorded a $72.7 million loss and a $34.4 million loss, respectively, related to the change in fair value of our liability-classified Private Warrants.

    (Loss) gain on foreign currency transactions. A loss of $0.5 million in foreign currency transactions was recorded for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018 compared to a foreign currency gain of $0.1 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018. The change relates to changes in foreign currency rates related to international operations.

    Income tax expense (benefit). Income tax expense for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 was $16.7 million compared to income tax benefit of $16.1 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018. The increase in our income tax expense is primarily attributed to the one-time benefit of $29.0 million related to the tax law change and remeasurement of deferred tax liabilities recorded in the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018, which did not apply for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019.

    Net (loss) income. Net loss was $25.2 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019, a decrease of $62.6 million, or 167.5%, compared to net income of $37.4 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018.

    Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 was $98.6 million compared to $81.2 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018. For a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to its most directly comparable GAAP measure, see “Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA” below.


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Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA

Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure commonly used in our industry and should not be construed as an alternative to net income as an indicator of operating performance or as an alternative to cash flow provided by operating activities as a measure of liquidity (each as determined in accordance with GAAP). Simply Good Foods defines Adjusted EBITDA (earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization) as net income before interest income, interest expense, income tax expense, depreciation and amortization with further adjustments to exclude the following items: business transaction costs, stock-based compensation expense, inventory step-up, integration costs, restructuring costs, non-core legal costs, loss in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability, gain or loss in fair value change of warrant liability, gain on settlement of TRA liability and other non-core expenses. The Company believes that the inclusion of these supplementary adjustments in presenting Adjusted EBITDA, when used in conjunction with net income, are appropriate to provide additional information to investors, and management of the Company uses Adjusted EBITDA to supplement net income because it reflects more accurately operating results of the on-going operations, enhances the overall understanding of past financial performance and future prospects and allows for greater transparency with respect to the key metrics the Company uses in its financial and operational decision making. The Company also believes that Adjusted EBITDA is frequently used by securities analysts, investors and other interested parties in the evaluation of companies in its industry. Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled captions of other companies due to differences in the non-GAAP calculation.

    The following unaudited tables below provide a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to its most directly comparable GAAP measure, which is net income, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020, the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019, and the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018:
(As Restated)
Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation:52-Weeks Ended53-Weeks Ended52-Weeks Ended
(In thousands)August 29, 2020August 31, 2019August 25, 2018
Net income (loss)$65,638 $(25,234)$37,386 
Interest expense32,813 13,627 12,551 
Interest income(1,516)(3,826)(301)
Income tax expense (benefit)13,326 16,711 (16,050)
Depreciation and amortization16,007 7,644 7,672 
EBITDA126,268 8,922 41,258 
Business transaction costs27,125 7,107 2,259 
Stock-based compensation expense7,636 5,501 4,029 
Inventory step-up7,522 — — 
Integration of Quest10,742 — — 
Restructuring5,527 22 631 
Non-core legal costs718 4,851 1,314 
Loss (gain) in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability 533 (2,848)
(Gain) loss in fair value change of warrant liability(30,938)72,673 34,391 
Gain on settlement of TRA liability— (1,534)— 
Frozen licensing media— — — 
Other (1)
(688)508 204 
Adjusted EBITDA$153,912 $98,583 $81,238 
(1)    Other items consist principally of exchange impact of foreign currency transactions, frozen licensing media and other expenses.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

    We have historically funded our operations with cash flow from operations and, when needed, with borrowings under our credit facilities. Our principal uses of cash have been debt service, working capital and the Acquisition of Quest.

    We had $95.8 million in cash and cash equivalents as of August 29, 2020. We believe our sources of liquidity and capital will be sufficient to finance our continued operations, growth strategy and additional expenses we expect to incur for at least the next twelve months. As circumstances warrant, we may issue debt and/or equity securities from time to time on an opportunistic basis, dependent upon market conditions and available pricing. We make no assurance that we can issue and sell such securities on acceptable terms or at all.

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Debt and Credit Facilities

    On July 7, 2017, we entered into a credit agreement with Barclays Bank PLC and other parties (as amended to date, the "Credit Agreement"). The Credit Agreement provides for (i) a term facility of $200.0 million (“Term Facility”) with a seven-year maturity and (ii) a revolving credit facility of up to $75.0 million (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) with a five-year maturity. Substantially concurrent with the consummation of the Acquisition of Atkins, the full $200.0 million of the Term Facility (the “Term Loan”) was drawn. The interest rate per annum is based on either (i) a base rate equaling the higher of (a) the “prime rate”, (b) the federal funds effective rate plus 0.50% and (c) the Euro-currency rate applicable for an interest period of one month plus 1.00% plus (x) 3.00% margin for Term Loan or (y) 2.00% margin for Revolving Credit Facility, or (ii) London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) adjusted for statutory reserve requirements, plus (x) 4.00% margin for the Term Loan subject to a floor of 1.00% or (y) 3.00% margin for the Revolving Credit Facility. As security for the payment or performance of its debt, we have pledged certain equity interests in its subsidiaries.

    On March 16, 2018 (the “Amendment Date”), we entered into an amendment (the “Repricing Amendment”) to the Credit Agreement. As a result of the Repricing Amendment, the interest rate on the Term Loan was reduced and, as of the Amendment Date, such loans had an interest rate equal to, at our option, either LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 3.50% or a base rate plus an applicable margin of 2.50%. The Repricing Amendment did not change the interest rate on the Revolving Credit Facility. The Revolving Credit Facility continued to bear interest based upon our consolidated net leverage ratio as of the last financial statements delivered to the administrative agent. No additional debt was incurred, or any proceeds received, in connection with the Repricing Amendment. The incremental fees paid to the administrative agent are reflected as additional debt discount and are amortized over the terms of the long-term financing agreements using the effective-interest method.

    On November 7, 2019, we entered into an amendment (the “Incremental Facility Amendment”) to the Credit Agreement to increase the principal borrowed on the Term Facility by $460.0 million. The Term Facility together with the incremental borrowing make up the Initial Term Loans (as defined in the Incremental Facility Amendment) and as of the Amendment No. 2 Effective Date (as defined in the Incremental Facility Amendment), the Initial Term Loans bear interest at a rate equal to, at our option, either LIBOR plus an applicable margin of 3.75% or a base rate plus an applicable margin of 2.75%. The Incremental Facility Amendment was executed to partially finance the Acquisition of Quest. No amounts under the Term Facility were repaid as a result of the execution of the Incremental Facility Amendment.

    The Applicable Rate per annum applicable to the loans under the Credit Agreement Amendment is, with respect to any Initial Term Loan that is an ABR Loan (as defined in the Credit Agreement), 2.75% per annum, and with respect to any Initial Term Loan that is a Eurodollar Loan, 3.75% per annum. The incremental term loans will mature on the maturity date applicable to the Initial Term Loans, which date is July 7, 2024.

    The Credit Agreement contains certain financial and other covenants that limit our ability to, among other things, incur and/or undertake asset sales and other dispositions, liens, indebtedness, certain acquisitions and investments, consolidations, mergers, reorganizations and other fundamental changes, payment of dividends and other distributions to equity and warrant holders, and prepayments of material subordinated debt, in each case, subject to customary exceptions materially consistent with credit facilities of such type and size. The Revolving Credit Facility has a maximum total net leverage ratio equal to or less than 6.25:1.00 (with a reduction to 6.00:1.00 on the third anniversary of the closing date of the credit facilities) contingent on credit extensions in excess of 30% of the total amount of commitments available under the Revolving Credit Facility. Any failure to comply with the restrictions of the credit facilities may result in an event of default. The Company was in compliance with all financial covenants as of August 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, respectively.

    As of August 29, 2020, the outstanding balances of the Term Facility was $606.5 million. We are not required to make principal payments on the Term Facility over the twelve months following the period ended August 29, 2020. During the third fiscal quarter of 2020, we borrowed $25.0 million under the Revolving Credit Facility. This was a precautionary measure to preserve financial flexibility and to maintain liquidity in response to the spread of COVID-19 and uncertainty around consumer behavior. We used the proceeds of the Revolving Credit Facility to meet initial elevated customer orders in response to COVID-19, build finished goods inventory of some of its high velocity items, support working capital and support general corporate purposes. In the fourth fiscal quarter of 2020, we repaid the $25.0 million borrowing under the Revolving Credit Facility. The Company may repay borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility at any time without penalty. As of August 29, 2020, there were no amounts drawn against the Revolving Credit Facility.

Public Equity Offering

    On October 9, 2019, we completed an underwritten public offering of 13,379,205 shares of our common stock at a price to the public of $26.35 per share. We paid underwriting discounts and commissions of $0.19 per share resulting in net proceeds to us of $26.16 per share, or approximately $350.0 million (the “Offering”). We paid $0.8 million for legal, accounting and registrations fees related to the Offering. The net proceeds were used to pay a portion of the purchase price and related fees and expenses for the Acquisition of Quest.

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Acquisition of Quest

    On August 21, 2019, our wholly-owned subsidiary Simply Good Foods USA, Inc., formerly known as Atkins Nutritionals, Inc. (“Simply Good USA”) entered into a Stock and Unit Purchase Agreement (the "Purchase Agreement") with VMG Voyage Holdings, LLC, VMG Tax-Exempt II, L.P., Voyage Employee Holdings, LLC, and other sellers, as defined in the Purchase Agreement, to acquire Quest, a healthy lifestyle food company. On November 7, 2019, pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, Simply Good USA completed the Acquisition of Quest, for a cash purchase price of approximately $1.0 billion, subject to customary post-closing adjustments.

    The Acquisition of Quest was funded through a combination of cash, equity and debt financing. Total consideration paid on the closing date was $988.9 million. Cash sources of funding included $195.3 million of cash on hand, net proceeds of approximately $350.0 million from an underwritten public offering of common stock, and $443.6 million in new term loan debt. In the third fiscal quarter of 2020, we received a post-closing release from escrow of approximately $2.1 million related to net working capital adjustments, resulting in a total net consideration paid of $986.8 million as of August 29, 2020. Business transaction costs within the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) for fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 was $27.1 million, which included $14.5 million of transaction advisory fees related to the Acquisition of Quest, $3.2 million of banker commitment fees, $6.1 million of non-deferrable debt issuance costs related to the incremental term loan, and $3.3 million of other costs, including legal, due diligence, and accounting fees.

Public Warrants to Purchase Common Stock

    From August 26, 2018 through October 5, 2018, public warrants to purchase an aggregate of 9,866,451 shares of common stock were exercised for cash at an exercise price of $11.50 per share, resulting in aggregate gross proceeds of $113.5 million.

    On October 4, 2018, we delivered a notice for the redemption (the “Redemption Notice”) of all of our public warrants that remained unexercised immediately after November 5, 2018. Exercises of public warrants following the Redemption Notice were required to be done on a cashless basis. Accordingly, holders were no longer permitted to exercise public warrants in exchange for payment in cash of $11.50 per share. Instead, a holder exercising a public warrant was deemed to have paid the $11.50 per share exercise price by the surrender of 0.61885 of a share of common stock that the holder would have been entitled to receive upon a cash exercise of each public warrant. Exercising holders received 0.38115 of a share of common stock for each public warrant surrendered for exercise. Following the Redemption Notice, 3,499,639 public warrants were exercised on a cashless basis. An aggregate of 1,333,848 shares of common stock were issued in connection with these exercises of the public warrants. All remaining public warrants were redeemed as of November 5, 2018 for an immaterial amount.

Private Warrants to Purchase Common Stock

    As of August 29, 2020, our Private Warrants to purchase 6,700,000 shares of common stock remain outstanding, are held by Conyers Park Sponsor, LLC, a related party, and remain liability-classified. If all Private Warrants are exercised at the $11.50 exercise price per warrant, our cash would increase by $77.1 million.

Cash Flows

    The following table sets forth the major sources and uses of cash for each of the periods set forth below (in thousands):
53-Weeks Ended52-Weeks Ended52-Weeks Ended
(in thousands)
August 29, 2020August 31, 2019August 25, 2018
Net cash provided by operating activities
$58,921 $73,042 $61,038 
Net cash used in investing activities
$(983,994)$(1,787)$(3,513)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
$754,652 $83,376 $(1,587)

Operating activities. Our net cash provided by operating activities decreased $14.1 million to $58.9 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to $73.0 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The decrease in cash provided by operating activities was primarily driven by the Acquisition of Quest, including cash outlays and changes in working capital related to significant business transaction costs of $27.1 million, integration costs of $10.7 million, restructuring costs of $5.5 million, and increased cash paid for interest on outstanding term loan balances of $18.9 million in the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The decrease was partially offset by increased operating cash generated by the Acquisition of Quest of approximately $49.0 million.

    Our net cash provided by operating activities was $73.0 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019, an increase of $12.0 million compared to net cash used in operating activities of $61.0 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018. The increase was primarily driven by higher income before taxes.
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Investing activities. Our net cash used in investing activities increased to $984.0 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to $1.8 million of net cash used in investing activities for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. The increase in cash used in investing activities was primarily due to the Acquisition of Quest of $982.1 million, net of cash acquired.

Our net cash used in investing activities was $1.8 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019, which was a decrease of $1.7 million compared to the investing activities for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018. The decrease in cash used in investing activities was primarily the result of a payment for a working capital adjustment of $1.8 million to the former owners of Atkins in the prior period.

    Financing activities. Our net cash provided by financing activities was $754.7 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 compared to $83.4 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019. Net cash provided by financing activities for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 includes gross proceeds of $352.5 million from the Offering offset by issuance costs of $3.3 million, proceeds of $460.0 million from the Term Facility borrowing related to the Incremental Facility Amendment offset by issuance costs of $8.2 million, and $25.0 million of proceeds from the borrowing under the Revolving Credit Facility. The cash provided by financing activities for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 was offset by $50.0 million of principal payments on the Term Facility, an increase of $48.0 million compared to the prior year, and $25.0 million of repayments of the Revolving Credit Facility. Our net cash provided by financing activities for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 also included $113.5 million of cash received from warrant exercises, and was partially offset by the payment of the TRA liability of $26.5 million and debt principal payments of $2.0 million on the Term Facility

    Our net cash provided by financing activities was $83.4 million for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019, compared to net cash used in financing activities of $1.6 million for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018. Net cash provided by financing activities for the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019 included $113.5 million of cash received from warrant exercises, and was partially offset by the payment of the TRA liability of $26.5 million, repurchases of common stock of $2.1 million and debt principal payments of $2.0 million. Debt principal payments for the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018 were $1.5 million.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of August 29, 2020, we had no material off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, income or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

Contractual Obligations

    The Company's contractual obligations are related to its Credit Agreement and its finance and operating leases. On November 7, 2019, the Company entered the Incremental Facility Amendment to increase the principal borrowed under the Term Facility by $460.0 million. As a result of the Acquisition of Quest, the Company obtained additional lease obligations.

Our expected contractual obligations related to our debt and leases as of August 29, 2020 are included in the table below.
Payments due by period
(In thousands)TotalYear 1Years 2-3Years 4-5Thereafter
Long-term debt obligations$606,500 $— $— $606,500 $— 
Interest 130,609 33,789 67,486 29,334 — 
Operating leases (1)
33,455 5,697 8,763 7,981 11,014 
Finance leases (2)
1,049 313 591 145 — 
Total$771,613 $39,799 $76,840 $643,960 $11,014 
_______________
(1)As of August 29, 2020, we had entered into a lease with estimated total minimum future lease payments of $32.2 million over a 10.0-year minimum lease term that had not yet commenced. Because the lease has not yet commenced, it is excluded from the contractual obligations above. We expect the lease to commence in fiscal year 2021.
(2)Finance lease payments include both the principal and interest portions of the payments.

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Critical Accounting Policies, Judgments and Estimates

General

    Our consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. While the majority of our revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities are not based on estimates, there are certain accounting principles that requires management to make estimates regarding matters that are uncertain and susceptible to change. Critical accounting policies are defined as those policies that are reflective of significant judgments, estimates and uncertainties, which could potentially result in materially different results under different assumptions and conditions. Management regularly reviews the estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of the financial statements for reasonableness and adequacy. Our significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 4, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of our Consolidated Financial Statements in this filing; however, the following discussion pertains to accounting policies we believe are most critical to the portrayal of its financial condition and results of operations and that require significant, difficult, subjective or complex judgments. Other companies in similar businesses may use different estimation policies and methodologies, which may affect the comparability of our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows to those of other companies.

Revenue Recognition

    We recognize revenue when performance obligations under the terms of a contract with its customer are satisfied. We have determined that fulfilling and delivering products is a single performance obligation. Revenue is recognized at the point in time when we have satisfied our performance obligation and the customer has obtained control of the products. This generally occurs when the product is delivered to or picked up by our customer based on applicable shipping terms, which is typically within 30 days.

    Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration expected to be received in exchange for fulfilled product orders, including estimates of variable consideration. The most common forms of variable consideration include trade promotions, such as consumer incentives, coupon redemptions and other marketing activities, allowances for unsaleable product, and any additional amounts where a distinct good or service cannot be identified or the value cannot be reasonably estimated. Estimates of variable consideration are made using various information including historical data on performance of similar trade promotional activities, market data from IRI, and our best estimate of current activity. Revisions can include changes for consideration paid to customers that lack sufficient evidence to support a distinct good or service assertion, or for which a reasonably estimable fair value cannot be determined, primarily related to our assessments of cooperative advertising programs. We review these estimates regularly and makes revisions as necessary. Uncertainties related to the estimate of variable consideration are resolved in a short time frame and do not require any additional constraint on variable consideration. Adjustments to variable consideration have historically been insignificant.

    Although some payment terms may be more extended, the majority of our payment terms are less than 60 days. As a result, we do not have any material significant payments terms as payment is received shortly after the time of sale.

    While our revenue recognition does not involve significant judgment, it represents a key accounting policy.

Trade Promotions

    We offer trade promotions through various programs to customers and consumers. Trade promotions include discounts, rebates, slotting and other marketing activities. Trade promotions are recorded as a reduction to net sales with a corresponding reduction to accounts receivable at the time of revenue recognition for the underlying sale. The recognition of trade promotions requires management to make estimates regarding the volume of incentive that will be redeemed and their total cost. These estimates are made using various information including historical data on performance of similar trade promotional activities, market data from IRI, and the Company's best estimates of current activity. Our consolidated financial statements could be materially affected if the actual promotion rates are different from the estimated rates.

    As of August 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, the allowance for trade promotions was $25.2 million and $10.3 million, respectively. Differences between estimated expense and actual redemptions are recognized as a change in management estimate in a subsequent period. These differences have historically been insignificant.

Business Combination

    On November 7, 2019, pursuant to the Purchase Agreement, we completed the Acquisition of Quest for a cash purchase price of approximately $1.0 billion, subject to customary post-closing adjustments. The Acquisition of Quest was accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting prescribed by Accounting Standard Codification ("ASC") Topic 805, Business Combinations (“ASC 805”), whereby the results of operations, including the revenues and earnings of Quest, are included in the financial statements from the date of acquisition. Additionally, assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recognized at their fair values based on widely accepted
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valuation techniques in accordance with ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements, as of the closing date. Significant judgment is required to determine the fair value of certain tangible and intangible assets. The process for estimating fair values requires the use of significant estimates, assumptions and judgments, including determining the timing and estimates of future cash flows and developing appropriate discount rates. ASC 805 establishes a measurement period to provide companies with a reasonable amount of time to obtain the information necessary to identify and measure various items in a business combination and cannot extend beyond one year from the acquisition date. Measurement period adjustments are recognized in the reporting period in which the adjustments are determined and calculated as if the accounting had been completed as of acquisition date. We expect to complete the final fair value determination of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed as soon as practicable within the measurement period, but not to exceed one year from the acquisition date.

Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets

    Goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized, but instead are tested for impairment at least annually, or more frequently if indicators of impairment exist. We conduct our annual impairment tests at the beginning of the fourth fiscal quarter. The process of evaluating goodwill and indefinite lived intangibles for impairment is subjective and requires significant judgment at many points during the analysis.

    We assess goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets using either a qualitative or quantitative approach to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair values of the reporting units are less than their carrying amounts. The qualitative assessment evaluates factors including macro-economic conditions, industry-specific and company-specific considerations, legal and regulatory environments, and historical performance. If we determine that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, a quantitative assessment is performed. Otherwise, no further assessment is required. The quantitative approach compares the estimated fair value of the reporting unit to its carrying amount, including goodwill. Impairment is indicated if the estimated fair value of the reporting unit is less than the carrying amount of the reporting unit, and an impairment charge is recognized for the differential.

    For fiscal year 2020, we elected to perform both qualitative and quantitative assessments of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets. The inputs and assumptions used require considerable management judgment and are based on expectations of future operating performance. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2020, we determined there were indicators of impairment related to the SimplyProtein brand intangible asset. Therefore, we performed a quantitative assessment of our brand intangible asset, which indicated the fair value exceeded the carrying value, resulting in a loss on impairment of $3.0 million in the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020. There were no impairment charges related to goodwill in the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020. Additionally, for fiscal year 2019, we elected to perform quantitative assessments of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets. No impairment charges related to goodwill or indefinite-lived intangibles were recognized in the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019.

    We performed qualitative assessments of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets for fiscal year 2018. The qualitative assessments determined that it was more likely than not the reporting unit, brands and trademarks had a fair value in excess of their carrying value. Accordingly, no further impairment assessment was necessary, and no impairment charges related to goodwill or indefinite-lived intangibles were recognized in the fifty-two week period ended August 25, 2018.

    We also have intangible assets that have determinable useful lives, consisting primarily of customer relationships, proprietary recipes and formulas, licensing agreements, and software and website development costs. Costs of these finite-lived intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. Finite-lived intangible assets are tested for impairment when events or circumstances indicated that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. For the fiscal years ended August 29, 2020, August 31, 2019 or August 25, 2018, there were no impairments recorded related to finite-lived intangible assets.

Income Taxes

    We are subject to income taxes in the United States and numerous other jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in determining our provision for income tax, including evaluating uncertainties in the application of accounting principles and complex tax laws.

    Income taxes include federal, state and foreign taxes currently payable and deferred taxes arising from temporary differences between income for financial reporting and income tax purposes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the differences between the financial statement balances and the tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the year that includes the enactment date. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to amounts expected to be realized. Significant management judgment is required in determining the effective tax rate, evaluating tax positions and determining the net realizable value of deferred tax assets.

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Warrant Liability

    In response to the SEC Statement, the Company re-evaluated the Private Warrants under ASC 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging: Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity, and concluded that they do not meet the criteria to be classified in stockholders’ equity. Specifically, the SEC Statement focused in part on provisions in warrant agreements that provide for potential changes to the settlement amounts dependent upon the characteristics of the warrant holder. The SEC Statement indicated that, because the holder of a warrant is not an input into the pricing of a fixed-for-fixed option on equity shares, such provisions would preclude the warrant from being classified in equity and thus the warrant should be classified as a liability. Since the Private Warrants meet the definition of a derivative under ASC 815 and do not meet the scope exception for equity classification, we recorded these Private Warrants as a liability on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value, with subsequent changes in the respective fair values recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss) at each reporting date.
    The Company utilizes the Black-Scholes valuation model to estimate the fair value of the Private Warrants at each reporting date. The application of the Black-Scholes model utilizes significant assumptions, including volatility. Significant judgment is required in determining the expected volatility (the key assumption) of the Private Warrants. In order to determine the most accurate measure of this volatility, we measured expected volatility based on several inputs, including considering a peer group of publicly traded companies, the Company’s implied volatility based on traded options, the implied volatility of comparable SPAC warrants, and the implied volatility of any outstanding public warrants during the periods they were outstanding. As a result of the unobservable inputs that were used to determine the expected volatility of the Private Warrants, the fair value measurement of these warrants reflects a Level 3 measurement within the fair value measurement hierarchy.

New Accounting Pronouncements

    The adoption of ASC Topic 842 resulted in a change to our lease accounting policy, as discussed in Note 12 of our Consolidated Financial Statements included herein. Refer to Note 4, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of our Consolidated Financial Statements in this Amendment for further information regarding recently issued accounting standards.

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Income Taxes
Segment and Customer Information

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Stockholders and the Board of Directors of The Simply Good Foods Company

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of The Simply Good Foods Company and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of August 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity, and cash flows, for the fifty-two week period ended August 29, 2020 and the fifty-three week period ended August 31, 2019, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of August 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended August 29, 2020, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of August 29, 2020, based on criteria established in Internal Control - Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated October 28, 2020; (June 30, 2021 as to the effects of the material weakness described in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting (As Revised), which report expressed an adverse opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting because of a material weakness).

Restatement of the 2020 and 2019 Financial Statements

As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the accompanying 2020 and 2019 financial statements have been restated to correct misstatements.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matters
The critical audit matters communicated below are matters arising from the current-period audit of the financial statements that were communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that (1) relate to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of critical audit matters does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matters below, providing separate opinions on the critical audit matters or on the accounts or disclosures to which they relate.

Trade Promotions - Refer to Note 4 to the financial statements
Critical Audit Matter Description
The Company offers trade promotions through various programs to customers and consumers. Trade promotions include discounts, rebates, slotting, and other marketing activities. Trade promotions are recorded as a reduction to net sales with a corresponding reduction to accounts receivable at the time of revenue recognition for the underlying sale. The recognition of trade promotions requires the Company to make estimates regarding the volume of incentives that will be redeemed and their total costs. These estimates are made using various information including historical data on performance of similar trade promotional activities, current market data, and the Company's best estimates of current activity. As of August 29, 2020, the allowance for trade promotions balance, which is recorded as a reduction to accounts receivable, was approximately $25.2 million.
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Given the subjectivity of estimating the expected promotional claims and the volume of trade promotions, performing audit procedures to evaluate whether the allowance for trade promotion balance is appropriately recorded as of August 29, 2020, required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our auditing procedures related to the allowance for trade promotion balance included the following, among others:
For a selection of allowances for trade promotion balances recorded as of August 29, 2020, we:
Confirmed contract terms directly with the customer.
Agreed contract terms from the accounting records to the promotion agreement with the customer and verified the promotion period was prior to August 30, 2020.
We evaluated management’s ability to estimate promotional claims incurred, but not yet received for potential management bias by comparing historical promotional claims received to management’s estimates of the claims to be received.
For a selection of customer promotional claims presented or resolved after August 29, 2020, we compared that amount to the August 29, 2020 allowance for promotion balance and traced presented or resolved deduction to a properly recorded sale.
Business Combination - Voyage Holdings, LLC and VMG Quest Blocker, Inc. - Valuation of brand and trademark and customer relationships intangible assets - Refer to Note 5 to the financial statements
Critical Audit Matter Description
The Company completed the acquisition of Voyage Holdings, LLC and VMG Quest Blocker, Inc. for $986.8 million on November 7, 2019. The Company accounted for the acquisition under the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations. Accordingly, the purchase price was allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their respective fair values, including brand and trademark intangible asset of $750.0 million and customer relationship intangible asset of $115.0 million. Management estimated the fair value of the brand and trademark and customer relationship intangible assets using an income approach and the with/without method, which estimates the value using the cash flow impact in a hypothetical scenario where the customer relationships are not in place.

Given the fair value determination of brand and trademark intangible asset and customer relationship intangible asset for Voyage Holdings, LLC and VMG Quest Blocker Inc. requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions related to the forecasts of future cash flows and the selection of the discount rate, performing audit procedures to evaluate the reasonableness of these estimates and assumptions required a high degree of auditor judgment and an increased extent of effort, including the need to involve our fair value specialists.

How the Critical Audit Matter Was Addressed in the Audit
Our auditing procedures related to the forecasts of future cash flows and the selection of the discount rate included the following, among others:
We obtained an understanding of management’s key assumptions in developing the forecast.
We assessed the reasonableness of management's forecasts of future cash flows by comparing the projections to historical results and certain peer companies.
We evaluated whether the estimated future cash flows were consistent with projections used by the Company, as well as evidence obtained in other areas of the audit.
With the assistance of our fair value specialists, we evaluated the reasonableness of the discount rate by:
Testing the source information underlying the determination of the discount rate and testing the mathematical accuracy of the calculation.
Developing a range of independent estimates and comparing those to the discount rate selected by management.

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Denver, Colorado
October 28, 2020 (June 30, 2021 as to the effects of the restatement discussed in Note 2)

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2019.
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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Shareholders of
The Simply Good Foods Company and subsidiaries

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss), changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the 52-weeks ended August 25, 2018 of The Simply Good Foods Company (the “Company”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the results of the Company’s operations and its cash flows for the 52-weeks ended August 25, 2018 in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

Restatement of Financial Statements

As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, the 2018 consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss), changes in stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the 52-weeks ended August 25, 2018 have been restated to correct misstatements.

Change in Accounting Principle

As discussed in Note 3 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has elected to change its principle of accounting for the classification of shipping & handling costs relating to the delivery of products to customers from operating expenses to cost of sales in the 52-week period ended August 31, 2019. This change in accounting principle has been retrospectively applied to all periods presented.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audit we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audit included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audit also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

We served as the Company’s auditor from 2011 to February 25, 2019
Denver, Colorado
October 24, 2018

except with respect to our opinion on the consolidated financial statements insofar as it relates to the effects of the restatement discussed in Note 2 as to which the date is June 30, 2021 and except with respect to our opinion on the consolidated financial statements insofar as it relates to the effects of the accounting principle change discussed in Note 3, as to which the date is October 30, 2019

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Table of Contents
The Simply Good Foods Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share data)
(As Restated, see Note 2)
August 29, 2020August 31, 2019
Assets
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents
$95,847 $266,341 
Accounts receivable, net
89,740 44,240
Inventories
59,085 38,085
Prepaid expenses
3,644 2,882
Other current assets
11,947 6,059
Total current assets
260,263 357,607 
Long-term assets:
Property and equipment, net
11,850 2,456
Intangible assets, net
1,158,768 306,139
Goodwill
544,774 471,427
Other long-term assets
32,790 4,021
Total assets$2,008,445 $1,141,650 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable
$32,240 $15,730 
Accrued interest
960 1,693
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
38,007 29,933
Current maturities of long-term debt
271 676
Total current liabilities
71,478 48,032
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt, less current maturities
596,879 190,259
Deferred income taxes
84,352 65,383 
Warrant liability93,638 124,576 
Other long-term liabilities
22,765 532 
Total liabilities
869,112 428,782 
See commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
Stockholders’ equity:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, none issued
  
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 600,000,000 shares authorized, 95,751,845 and 81,973,284 issued at August 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, respectively958 820 
Treasury stock, 98,234 and 98,234 shares at cost at August 29, 2020 and August 31, 2019, respectively(2,145)(2,145)
Additional paid-in-capital
1,076,472 715,740
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)64,927 (711)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(879)(836)
Total stockholders’ equity
1,139,333 712,868
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$2,008,445 $1,141,650 

See accompanying Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements
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Table of Contents
The Simply Good Foods Company and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(As Restated, see Note 2)
52-Weeks Ended53-Weeks Ended52-Weeks Ended
August 29, 2020August 31, 2019August 25, 2018
Net sales$816,641 $523,758 $437,854 
Cost of goods sold492,313 306,075 254,966 
Gross profit324,328 217,683 182,888 
Operating expenses:
Selling and marketing94,469 67,694 59,186 
General and administrative106,251 62,180 49,427 
Depreciation and amortization15,259 7,496 7,498 
Business transaction costs27,125 7,107 2,259 
Loss on impairment3,000   
Loss (gain) in fair value change of contingent consideration - TRA liability 533 (2,848)
Total operating expenses246,104 145,010 115,522 
Income from operations78,224 72,673 67,366 
Other income (expense):
Interest income1,516 3,826  
Interest expense(32,813)(13,627)(12,551)
Gain (loss) in fair value change of warrant liability30,938 (72,673)(34,391)
Gain on settlement of TRA liability 1,534  
Gain (loss) on foreign currency transactions658 (452)97 
Other income441 196 815 
Total other income (expense)740 (81,196)